A way of delivering nutrition directly to your stomach or small intestine is called home enteral nutrition or tube feeding.
This feeding will be suggested by your doctor if you cannot eat enough to get all the nutrients that you need.
Doctors refer to home enteral nutrition if it occurs outside of the hospital.
A home enteral nutrition team will teach you how to feed yourself through a tube and will also give you support if ever you encounter problems.
Home enteral nutrition may be suggested if your digestive system works normally but you have difficulty eating such as:
cancer – neck or head cancers or cancer treatment which makes it painfully difficult to swallow
neurological problems – such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or stroke
gastrointestinal problems – such as bowel obstruction and gastroparesis
trauma – such as injury to your digestive tract
The types of feeding tubes are:
feeding tube passed through the nose – the tube will be inserted through your nose and into your stomach (nasogastric tube) or small intestine (nasojejunal tube) if you will need a feeding tube for a month or less
feeding tube passed through the skin on your abdomen – the tube will be placed through the skin on your abdomen and into your stomach (gastrostomy) or into your small intestine (jejunostomy) if you will need longer term tube feeding
It will depend on your situation which tube is the best for you.
metabolic complications such as changes in blood chemistry and electrolyte levels (high blood sugar level and low sodium level)
mechanical complications due to clogged or displaced feeding tubes
bacterial contamination of enteral feed that can cause serious infection
reflux and aspiration
4 Preparing for your Procedure
In preparing for home enteral nutrition, your dietician will advise you of your nutritional needs. He/she will prescribe a liquid formula and this will include fat, protein, fluid, carbohydrate, minerals and vitamins.
Tube feeding can be given in three different ways using a pump, gravity drip, and syringe. A pump is used for continuous feeds without stopping for 8 to 24 hours.
A gravity drip is used to give larger amounts of formula over a short period of time mostly 4 to 6 times each day. A syringe is used for larger amounts of formula and is the fastest method.
FindATopDoc is a trusted resource for patients to find the top doctors in their area. Be visible and accessible with your up to date contact
information, certified patients reviews and online appointment booking functionality.