A hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) which is inserted into the uterus for a long-term birth control or contraception is called Mirena.
This is a T-shaped plastic frame that releases a type of progestin and this thins the lining of the uterus and partially suppresses ovulation. To prevent sperm from reaching or fertilizing an egg the Mirena thickens the cervical mucus.
The Food and Drug Administration approved the use of Mirena which prevents pregnancy for up to five years, along with the other hormonal IUD known as Skyla which prevents pregnancy for up to three years.
2 Reasons for Procedure
Here are the most common reasons to receive a Mirena (hormonal IUD).
Mirena can be used in premenopausal women of all ages including teenagers and it offers effective as well as long-term contraception.
In Mirena, it:
Does not require partner participation.
Eliminates the need for interrupt sex for contraception.
Can be removed at any time followed by a quick return to baseline fertility.
Can remain in place for up to five years.
Decreases severe menstrual pain and pain related to endometriosis.
Decreases menstrual bleeding after at least several months of use.
Along with undergoing Mirena (hormonal IUD) procedure comes potential risks. Mirena does not offer protection from sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
The percentage of the women who will get pregnant in a year of typical use is less than 1 percent. You will be at higher risk of ectopic pregnancy if you do conceive while using Mirena.
Ectopic pregnancy is when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus mostly in the fallopian tube, but you are at lower risk of having this other than sexually active women who are not using contraception because of Mirena.
Have unusual or foul-smelling vaginal discharge, sore or lesions.
If you suspect that the Mirena is no longer in place, consult your doctor if:
The IUD strings are missing or suddenly seem longer.
Sex is painful for you and your partner.
Your normal period returns.
You felt that a part of the device’s hard plastic is at your cervix or vagina.
This can remain for up to five years. Your doctor will use forceps to get the device’s strings and gently pull to remove the Mirena.
The device's arms will fold upward as it's withdrawn from the uterus. In some cases, removal might be complicated and you may feel light bleeding and cramping.
6 Procedure Results
As a result of Mirena (hormonal IUD), you may notice some changes in your period. Your period may be irregular and you may have frequent spotting or light bleeding after three to six months of the insertion.
After your body has adjusted your period may remain irregular, may be shorter and lighter than before or may even stop altogether. Your period may return if Mirena is removed.
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