Introducing a specialized form of food through a vein is called parenteral (intravenous) nutrition (PN) or total parenteral nutrition (TPN). To treat or prevent malnutrition is the main goal of this procedure.
If a person’s digestive system cannot tolerate or absorb adequate food, this may be recommended by a doctor. Intravenous feeding at home is called home PN.
A needle will be inserted through your vein and PN will provide liquid nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, fats, electrolytes, and minerals.
2 Reasons for Procedure
There are many reasons to decide to undergo home parenteral nutrition, including:
Crohn’s disease – this disease might cause inflammation, pain or bowel narrowing that affects your eating and digesting food
Cancer – if a person has a cancer of the digestive tract
Ischemic bowel disease – this may reduce the blood flow to the bowel
Short bowel syndrome – a person is not absorbing enough nutrients in their food because they do not have enough bowl
Vomiting and Nausea – if you are vomiting every time you eat by mouth
Abnormal bowel function – the food that you eat cannot move properly through your intestines leading to variety of symptoms that keeps your from eating
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