MDA Summer Camp: The Summer of a Lifetime for Muscular Dystrophy Patients
Muscular dystrophy is an umbrella term used to describe a group of potentially debilitating and progressive neuromuscular diseases that cause gradual muscle wasting and death. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common and most severe form that strikes 1 in every 200 individuals who live well into their 20s to 30s before being completely taken over by the disease. As DMD is a genetic condition whose inheritance pattern is recessively linked to the X-chromosome, it is more common in males and rare in females. Duchenne muscular dystrophy causes muscle wasting by altering the gene responsible for the production of the protein dystrophin, which keeps the muscles intact. With the body unable to maintain muscle form and structure, atrophy sets in and is ultimately irreversible.