Fever is an abnormally high body temperature, often characterized by shivering and headache. In severe cases, it can be accompanied by Delirium, which in turn may be characterized by restlessness and illusions. The normal body temperature is 37 ̊ C. Temperature between 37 ̊ C and 38 ̊ C is considered to be low-grade fever. However, temperatures at or above 39 ̊ C may be dangerous and call for one to visit a doctor for treatment, as that may be a sign or just but a symptom of another illness. We will later in this article look at examples of illnesses characterized by fever.
Relationship Between Fever And Other Illnesses
Fever is a common indication of an illness. However, having it is not always a bad thing. As a matter of fact, the occurrence of fever plays a key role in the fight against infections. Don’t scratch out your hair wondering how. I will explain that. Low grade fever is actually good for the body, and as such you should not disturb yourself trying to treat it. If you tried to, you would be fighting one of your body’s defense mechanisms. There are some bacteria and viruses that cannot survive in our bodies at higher temperatures, and as such the body may increase in temperature to fight such. It is important at this point to note that fever in our bodies is controlled by Hypothalamus. It also controls hunger, thirst and other homeostatic symptoms, and is involved in sleep and emotional activity. You will find the word lethargy ahead, which is mentioned in connection to our emotional activity.
Since fever is part of our lives, we should not leave every health or medical issues to doctors only. As mentioned earlier, there are natural remedies that can be used in treating fever. In determining how high a fever is, many are fond of using their hands as thermometers. But it is important for you as an individual or as a parent to have your own medical thermometer. With it, you will be able to determine the body temperature, which is important in deciding whether to visit the doctor or not.
When To Seek Medication
So, in low grade fever do not seek medication. You just have to allow the fever to run its course. But in other cases, treatment is needed to bring down the body temperature back to its normal level.
For infants (0 to 6 months old), the body temperature must be taken rectally. If the infant doesn’t show other signs, medication is not needed. Drinking plenty of fluids and rest are enough for the fever to go down. However, if the infant seems oddly lethargic (not showing excitement and interest in things that they normally have excitement or interest in), uncomfortable or irritable, call a doctor and seek medical help. For babies who are 6 to 24 months old, giving Acetaminophen to lower the temperature is alright. Do not treat an infant or toddler with an Aspirin. If the medication didn’t help or the fever lasts more than a day, you need to call a doctor immediately.
For people between 2 to 17 years of age who have a fever of above 38.9° C, you can give them Acetaminophen or ibuprofen if they seem uncomfortable. Similar with infants, Aspirin must not be given to this age range, and if the medication didn’t help or the fever lasts more than a day, you need to call a doctor immediately.
For adults, if the fever is up to 38.9° C, taking medications is not necessary. You just need to take some rest and drink plenty of fluids. However, if the fever comes with a severe headache, shortness of breath, stiff neck or other atypical signs and symptoms, you need to call or visit a doctor, as there is a possibility that you are suffering from a different illness. On the other hand, if the fever is above 38.9° C, you can take ibuprofen, Acetaminophen or Aspirin if you are uncomfortable. If the fever persists, is consistently high or lasts for more than 3 days, you need to seek medical attention for further treatments.
Other Illnesses For Which Fever May Be A Symptom
As promised earlier we now look at other illnesses for which fever may be a symptom. Fever may as well occur in our bodies as a symptom for other illnesses. Such examples include Malaria, Typhoid, Delirium, Inflammation, Acidosis and Tonsillitis. As such, prolonged fever that lasts for more than one day should make you to visit the doctor for diagnosis. Malarias and Typhoid may not be majorly common as they are mainly in Africa.
Other Ways to Treat Fever
Take a Bath
Taking a bath in lukewarm water helps to bring down the body’s temperature. With this temperature will bring a feeling of coolness when you have a fever. Do not plunge yourself in cold water to try to make the fever go down as it will only make your body to warm up rather than cool down.
Giving a sponge bath with cool water especially in the areas of high heat such as armpits and groin can help decrease the temperature as the water evaporates.
When people have a fever, becoming dehydrated is easy. Drinking plenty of fluids is recommended to maintain normal hydration in the body. Some of the good choices aside from water are orange juice and other vitamin C fruit juices. Vitamin C helps the immune system fight against infection. Sports drinks such as Gatorade are also helpful. They don’t just replace the lost fluids but the lost minerals as well.
Drinking lots of fluid can also regulate the body’s temperature, helps the body to work smoothly and flushes out the unwanted germs.
Rest and Sleep
The best way to eliminate a mild fever is to have a lot of rest and sleep. Since the body is working hard to keep it from getting sicker, it is only right to give your body the time and energy it needs to fight through sleeping. Through sleeping, enough rest is acquired, and the body gets a chance to produce new cells, I which the White-blood cells are not excluded.
This is one of the natural remedies used in treating illnesses. It is actually effective for most illnesses. This entails one dipping his or her feet in a basin with hot water, hot to the level of not burning you. In the process, the rest of the body except the head is to be covered using a blanket or two. This treatment should be done for about half an hour. The blanket should be long or big enough to cover even the basin with the hot water. An extra basin is to be put some cold water in which a face towel is dipped and wrung to wipe the forehead of the patient at intervals of ten to fifteen minutes. Hot water is also added at intervals of ten to fifteen minutes as the water in the basin becomes less hot with time. This is characterized by a sweating of the whole body. The goal of doing this is to make very active the white blood cells, which travel throughout the body as a result of the high body temperatures, doing their work in the body – helping in fighting infections.