Morning sickness refers to the nausea and vomiting experienced during pregnancy. Morning sickness is very common during the first trimester, but in some cases, it may extend throughout the period of the pregnancy. Although the condition is called morning sickness, it can affect an expectant mother during any time of the day. In few cases, morning sickness may be very severe and may require hospitalization.
The exact cause of morning sickness is not yet known. Hormonal changes are supposed to be one of the most important causes for this condition. Certain foods, stress, and fatigue also can increase the feeling of nausea. Generally, morning sickness stops after the first trimester. Simple home remedies are helpful in reducing nausea.
One can try the following to alleviate the feeling:
- Instead of having full meals at one time, have small meals often
- Have a glass or two of water after half an hour of having meal
- Have soda crackers before getting out of bed in the morning
- Drink plenty of fluid during the day
- Reduce the intake of fatty foods
- Take adequate rest during the day
- Sniff lemon or ginger
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid smells and foods that trigger nausea and vomiting
- If prenatal vitamins cause nausea, have it at night or with a snack
A number of alternative medicines also are suggested for reducing morning sickness:
- Acupressure – Acupressure wristbands are supposed to be very helpful in reducing morning sickness
- Ginger supplements – Herbal supplements made of ginger seem to be very useful in alleviating nausea. It can be taken in the form of capsules, powders or syrup for a few days to reduce nausea.
- Vitamin supplements – Vitamin supplements especially B6 and B12, when taken regularly is known to alleviate morning sickness
One should remember not to lie down immediately after eating food and not to skip meals, which may trigger nausea. Avoiding spicy food is also helpful in reducing morning sickness.
One should consult with a doctor if:
- The condition does not improve with home remedies
- Vomiting persists after the first trimester
- You lose weight
- Vomit contains blood
- You are not able to keep down food and fluid due to vomiting
- To prevent morning sickness, instead of having full meals at one time, have small meals more often.