Surgeon Questions Abdominal Surgery

What risk factors are associated with an abdominal surgery?

I am due for an abdominal surgery and it’s the first time I will be having any sort of operation. It's for removal of a benign mass. What are the risks associated? How should I prepare to avoid the risks?

9 Answers

Depends where the benign mass is. If it is in the abdominal wall, no need to fear unless the tumor is on a nerve. If it is inside the abdomen, then there are the usual side effects and anesthesia risk and the risk of DVT.
There are risks with any procedures, injuring other structures, future adhesions, etc. I recommend laparoscopy or robotic surgery.
Just do what your doctor tells you and do not tell yourself that you won't do well after your operation. You will do great as long as you do what they tell you to do. You should have been told the risk before you said you would have the surgery.
It all depends on what surgical procedure is going to be carried out. You should get this information from the surgeon who is going to do the operation since each procedure has its own risks.
Abdominal surgery is classified as a major operation. You gave no more details than a benign mass to be removed. The best preparation you can do to yourself before surgery is:

1) to stop smoking if you are a smoker
2) to lose weight if you are a high-BMI patient
3) if you are a fit and active person, you can go ahead and fix your problem with minor risk of complication.

All the best.
Any surgery has inherent risks. Depending on the location of the mass if it’s superficial it’s very safe and if it is intraabdominal it’s slightly risky due to proximity of other organs.
Depends on the approach. You want an experienced minimally invasive surgeon. However many possible risks an occur including bleeding, infection, injury to intra abdominal organs. There are also anesthesia risks.
Major abdominal surgery can carry significant risks. Depending on were the mass is located, the organs adjacent to the mass could be injured, there are risks of bleeding, infection, reaction to anesthesia, inadvertent damage to other organs, and death. Of course, leaving your mass in your abdomens not an option. depending on your health status, there can brisk of having a heart attack. Most likely, your surgeon has taken all this into consideration and you will be safe. Avoiding smoking, proper hygiene, healthy diet, and adequate blood sugar control will minimize your risks.
That's a very broad question based on several factors.

1. Is your surgery being performed via an open approach with a large incision or via a laparoscopic (minimally invasive approach) with smaller incisions?

2. Where is the mass located? Depending on if it involves your GI tract, your urinary tract, or the soft tissue can certainly affect the risks.

In general, the risks of any surgery including pain, bleeding, infections (wound, urinary tract infections, pneumonia), and scarring. Scarring inside of the abdominal cavity can put you at risk of intestinal adhesions and obstructions in the future. Other risks include hernias at the site of the incision or injuries to intra-abdominal organs such as the colon or the small intestine.

Rare complications include things such as blood clots in the legs or lungs (deep vein thrombosis [DVT] or pulmonary embolus [PE]), kidney failure, a heart attack, stroke, or death. The risks for these sort of complications depend on any underlying medical conditions that you may have, but typically range about 1-3 in 1000.