Dentist Questions Gingivitis

What is gingivitis and its risk factors?

Television ads of toothpaste and mouthwashes often highlight the term gingivitis. How can i minimize the risk of me and my family acquiring gingivitis? In our last dentist appointment the doctor did mention the term, are there ways of identifying the condition early?

22 Answers

It is simply Inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding your teeth (without loss of the bone around the teeth). There multiple risk factors involved, but the most common ones are:
Lack of good oral hygiene, not brushing or brushing incorrectly, or not flossing, not having periodic dental check up & prophylactic cleaning every 6 months, puberty & hormonal changes. Orthodontic braces or ill-fitting dentures or unpolished restoration can sometimes contribute to gingivitis.
Gingivitis is a mild inflammation of the gums. Brushing and flossing correctly twice a day is sufficient to control the condition. Early signs are bleeding of the gums when you brush your teeth.
It is inflammation of the gums. If not treated, it can lead to increasing gum problems and loss of supporting bone around your teeth. It is usually associated with bleeding gums on brushing. It can be cured by correct dental home care, including brushing and flossing. This can be taught to you by your general dentist.
Gingivitis is a term for gum inflammation caused generally by bacteria. This can be the early stages of a periodontal (gum) disease. The best thing a patient can do is to brush and floss regularly to keep the level of bacteria to a minimum. Seeing a dentist regularly to monitor this condition can catch problems at the earliest stages. 

Thomas Pham Dentistry
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. Risk factors would include poor oral hygiene, smoking, health conditions, pregnancy and some others. You can prevent it with proper oral hygiene which will include brushing two times a day and flossing at least once. Flossing is the key.
You can identify Gingivitis with some signs such as bleeding gums, bad breath and sensitivity. Your dentist can help you with that too.
Gingivitis is a term used for inflamed gums. It can be caused due to a
variety of reasons. The most common being inadequate oral hygiene. Your
dentist will be able to diagnose gingivitis by observing any bleeding of
gums visible during a routine exam. Consult your dentist to know the cause
of gingivitis and they will be able to tell you appropriate measures you
will have to take to prevent it. I hope that answers your question.
Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum tissues that surround the teeth. Gingivitis can range from slight to severe. In more severe cases, the gingival (gum) tissues look very red and puffy. Any bleeding of the gingival tissues indicate gingivitis and can be generalized throughout the mouth or localized in specific areas. Any time there is bleeding when you brush or floss, this is a sign of gingivitis. Generally it is not painful. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease, characterized by bone loss and gingival inflammation. Your personal home care and regular appointments with your dental hygienist are the best way to minimize the risk. Home care includes brushing at least 2 times per day and flossing daily (proper technique here is critical). I like the addition of an electric toothbrush. =20

Certain medications and hormonal changes can also impact the gingival tissues, so be sure to always share your medical history with your dentist and dental hygienist. =20

In Health,
Dr. Rankin
​The main symptom of gingivitis is bleeding gums. If you brush or floss
your teeth and see blood you have gingivitis (infection of the gums) and
maybe even periodontitis (infection of the bone). If the teeth are not
cleaned properly with toothpaste, toothbrush and floss, then bacteria and
food particles will create plaque that will be a reservoir for bacteria to
thrive. Your immune system will start attacking the area to destroy the
bacteria and the gums will become tender, bleed easily and sometimes become
swollen, red, and or recede. Ulcerative lesions start to form pockets
between the gums and the root of the tooth allowing bacteria to hide out of
the reach of floss and allowing bacteria from your mouth to get into your
blood stream as well. Once in the blood stream certain bacteria can form
blood clots and put individuals at a high risk of strokes, heart attacks,
low birth weight/preterm babies, to list a few things. The pockets and
lesions are due to a localized infection that may only be able to be
cleaned in a professional dental office visit. Once the problem is
addressed and proper home care instructions are followed the area can heal
and the lesions and pockets can go away. The American Dental Association
recommends visiting your Dentist every 6 months for a checkup and cleaning
to diagnose and prevent problems. Also two great tools to have are a
Waterpik and a Sonicare Toothbrush. A Waterpik is an excellent adjunct to
irrigate the gums and dislodge any loose food particles in pockets and
between the teeth. A Sonicare toothbrush can clean your teeth more
effectively than a manual toothbrush. -Dr. Bishop
Simply, gingivitis is an inflammation of your gums due to the bacteria that is in plaque. If that bacteria is not broken up and removed daily, your gums can get infected. So to prevent it, brush twice daily - along your gumline for at least two minutes, and floss to get rid of bacteria between your teeth. An electric or battery-operated toothbrush will do an excellent job for you. Don't scrub with it like you do with a manual toothbrush. Instead, put it on your teeth at the gumline, let it spin for a few seconds and then move it to the next tooth. You'll only be cleaning one or two teeth at a time, but you'll notice how very clean your teeth will feel. Early symptoms of gingivits include:
Gums that bleed when you brush or floss, gums that are a little puffy, red along the gumline, if you dry them off they look flat (gums should look stippled like an orange peel), your gums may be sore or hurt, you might have bad breath. An antibacterial mouthwash may help. Examples include Crest ProHealth, Colgate Total, and Listerine Zero, among others.
Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing is your first red flag! Sometimes bad breath or bad smell on the floss will also be a warning sign.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gingivae, or the top part of the gum. Risk factors include poor oral hygiene especially lack of flossing, mouth breathing, certain medications, plaque, puberty, pregnancy, or a Leukotatic defect in your PMN's (white blood cells that are not fast getting to the source of infection).

Bertrand Bonnick
Gingivitis is a precursor to periodontal disease. Periodontal disease
occurs when the bacteria in your mouth accumulate below the gum line and in
between your teeth. This leads to bone loss over time. With gingivitis,
bacteria are beginning this process and no bone loss has occured at this
time. The gums become inflammed. You will often note that the individuals
gums become red and edematous (boggy or swollen in appearance). You may
also notice bleeding when you brush or floss. When you notice bleeding
with brushing and flossing you are diagnosed with gingivitis (if bone loss
has occured you are diagnosed with periodontitis and will cary this
diagnosis for the rest of your life). Another thing you may notice is an
accumulation of plaque at the gumline in inflammed areas. In order to
prevent this you would want to brush and floss twice a day. Propper
technique is important associated with brushing and flossing and should be
discussed with you by your dental providers. Also important is visiting
your dentist for bianual cleanings and exams so any troubled areas can be
identified early to prevent progression to periodontal disease.
Just make sure you brush 2-3 times daily as well as floss once a day. Also, we recommend 6 month check ups. If you still notice bleeding gums, add a daily ADA approved mouthrinse, Tongue brushing and even the use of a water pick
Please see my website for an explanation of the stages of periodontal disease at

Prevention is aimed at minimizing the harmful bacteria causing the disease including
1. Properly brushing and flossing your teeth at least after breakfast AND at night before bed. Mouthwashes are not helpful if your teeth are not clean because they won't reach the areas covered in debris.
2.Visiting your dentist as recommended for cleaning and check ups. The frequency is based on your level of oral health and your gum measurements (periodontal charting). This will also allow your dentist the opportunity to identify the condition in the early stages and treat it before bone loss occurs.

Gingivitis is inflammation of periodontal tissue and bleeding gums.
Gingivitis is a reversible form of gum disease. If the buildup of plaque,
which is the bacteria and their byproducts which forms on the teeth, is
removed with proper brushing and flossing every day, then the gingivitis
will disappear in 2 weeks. Sugary foods and drinks as well as
carbohydrate-containing foods such as potatoes and pasta cause more plaque
than other foods and drinks. This is not medical advice- it is just my
opinion. Thank you.
Gingivitis maybe typified as a local condition that all humans have to one degree or another in their quest to achieve perfect oral hygiene. That is to say proper brushing fastidious ability to floss effectively and routine trips to your dentist will yield the highest results for oral health. Disclosing Solutions are available to quantify gingivitis as they highlight areas of plaque which are the precursors leading up to the condition known as gingivitis. Control the black and you have complete control of the gingivitis. This should lead to excellent checkups at your dentist.
Practicing good flossing and brushing techniques will prevent that.
Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums. The best way to prevent it, is to remove the source of inflammation (usually plaque, sometimes medication, etc..), so good home care and regular dental checkups should be able to control it.
Gingivitis is an infection in the gums around your teeth. If untreated, this will lead to a more serious infection called periodontitis which is infection in the gums AND the bone that holds your teeth in place. The simple treatment and prevention of gingivitis and periodontitis is flossing and seeing your dentist regularly for professional cleanings. Bacteria and tartar that live around the gumline is the cause of the infection and removing them is the cure. The signs of gingivitis will be a changing of color in the gums close to the teeth from a light pink (coral pink) to a darker red. Also, you will see swelling of the papilla or the triangle gum area between the teeth. Healthy gums will also appear stippled, like an orange, from top to bottom.
Yes, you have to have your mouth periodically checked by the dentist. Make sure to keep up with immaculate oral care/ brushing and flossing/ in between dental visits. Your dentist will be able to answer your questions. Term Gingivitis refers to the inflammation of the gums.
Look for bleeding on brushing or flossing...that is primary.