Dandruff is one of the most embarrassing skin conditions marked by itching and flaking in the scalp. This skin condition, though difficult to treat, can be controlled to a large extent. Under normal conditions, new skin cells replace the old and worn out cells that then fall off. In some people, the formation of new cells occurs at a faster rate than normal, causing the skin to shed at an increased rate.
Malassezia, a type of fungus, is known to trigger this skin condition in many. Although this fungus may not cause any concerns in some people, in others an over excited immune system may trigger the formation of flaky skin. Cold and dry weather is also known to cause or worsen dandruff in many.
Treatment options for dandruff depend on the severity of the condition and the cause of the condition. As this skin condition is harmless, simple home remedies may be enough to control it. Brushing the hair in a slow downward stroke helps to spread the oil to the strands and prevent formation of dandruff in the scalp. Different types of anti-dandruff shampoos are also available which provides considerable relief from the condition. Different brands have different active ingredients in them and one can switch the types based on the response. Directions are generally provided in the shampoos regarding how frequently one has to use it for effective removal of dandruff.
While using a shampoo, remember to rub it into the scalp thoroughly. Allow the shampoo to stand for few minutes before rinsing it with water. Take care to rinse the scalp thoroughly as left over chemicals in the scalp may increase the irritation. One can reduce the usage of shampoos when the dandruff is less as such.
Some of the natural remedies to control dandruff include:
- Tea tree oil – Applying this oil to the scaly patches is found to be helpful in reducing the flaking.
- Aloe – Aloe extract is useful in reducing itching and flaking of skin from the scalp.
- Baking soda – Rubbing baking soda for few times a week would be helpful in reducing dandruff.
- Olive oil – Applying olive oil on to the scalp and then brushing after an hour relieves itching and flaking.
- Omega-3 fatty acids – Including foods containing omega-3 fatty acids is found to be helpful in controlling flaking.
- Vitamin supplements – Supplements containing B vitamins are also useful.