Kidney stones are basically known as the hard deposits which are made up of minerals as well as the salts which get formed inside the kidneys. Kidney stones are known to have a lot of causes and they can also effect any portion of the urinary tract which can include the region from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
Kidney stones are known to be made up of minerals as well as acid stones. Few of these minerals include oxalate, calcium and phosphate. When the urine is too concentrated then it is not able to filter out the waste from the body so when an individual does not drink enough of water then he or she may also tend to develop kidney stones.
If an individual consumes too much of sodium or salt, then also there is a possibility that the individual may develop kidney stones. The uric acid tends to settle in the kidney itself when the body is not able to produce enough of urine for filtering it out. Too much of sodium is also known to bring about a rise in the level of calcium present in the kidneys which can also get combined with the other compounds and bring about formation of stones.
Also an individual who has a family history of developing kidney stones is also another cause of getting kidney stones. Hence to prevent the instances of kidney stones it is important to drink plenty of water. Sufficient intake of water would help in stopping the minerals from getting collected in the kidneys and at the same time it would ensure a healthy urination for the individual. But at the same time it is also important to be mindful on the foods which you intake so that it should not be high in sodium.
Passing of these kidney stones may turn out to be quite a painful task but these stones are known to mostly cause no permanent kind of damage to the individual in case if they are identified on timely manner. Based on your situation the individual would mostly need to go in for pain relieving medications and also drink plenty of water so as to pass these kidney stones.
In case if these kidney stones tend to get lodged in the urinary tract then there are chances that it can lead to occurrence of urinary tract infection or any other complications wherein surgery would be the only option. It becomes important to determine the type of kidney stones which can then help in identifying the cause and hence it may provide for clues on how one can reduce the risk of getting more of these kidney stones.
If it is ever possible, try to save the kidney stone which you pass so that you can show it to your doctor for further analysis. The various types of kidney stones are calcium stones which are known to occur in the form of calcium phosphate, struvite stones which are caused in response to an infection, uric acid stones can form in those who do not consume enough of fluids or who tend to lose too much of fluid and lastly cysteine stones which are formed in people having a hereditary disorder.