HPV stands for human papilloma virus, which can be sexually transmitted and affects more than 20 million people in the country. There are different types of the papilloma virus, which infects about 6 million people every year in the US. This virus causes cervical cancer in women, which is one of the leading causes of death due to cancer. These viruses may also cause other types of cancer in both men and women. HPV causes genital warts and warts of the respiratory system, particularly the upper respiratory tract. Complete cure and treatment for HPV is not available, but infection by HPV can be prevented successfully.
HPV vaccinations provide protection against four major types of this virus. Out of the four types, two are the main causes of cervical cancer, while the other two types cause genital warts in 90% of people. The HPV vaccination is known to provide protection against infection for a long duration. It is known to be very effective, as it reduces infection rate by 90%.
The HPV vaccination is recommended for girls between the ages of 11-years-old and 12-years-old. In some cases, doctors may suggest vaccination for girls as young as 9-years-old. Vaccinations should be taken before an a girl's first sexual encounter. This ensures that the vaccination reaches before the body is exposed to any of the types of viruses. HPV4 vaccination is effective against the type that causes genital warts, and is recommended for boys between the ages of 9-years-old and 26-years-old. This vaccination is usually given in three doses, and can be given at the same time as other vaccinations. If the person is already exposed to any of the four virus types before vaccination, it may not prevent the disease from the specific type of virus. If women have not taken the vaccination early, it may be given to them between the ages of 13-years-old and 26-years-old.
This vaccination is not known to have any serious side effects. Some of the mild side effects associated with this vaccination include pain and redness at the site of injection, and mild to moderate fever. These side effects may be noted within a few minutes to hours, and usually goes away within a short time.
Severe allergic reactions are characterized by difficulty breathing, hoarseness of voice, weakness, wheezing, hives, and an increased heartrate. Any of these symptoms should immediately be brought to the attention of your doctor.