Breast cancer treatment can cause a number of symptoms and sides effects. These side effects vary from individual to individual and depend on the part of the body being treated and radiation dose. Other factors such as your health and overall well-being will also play a role in how your symptoms may affect you. Every individual is different so there is no way to predict who may or may not experience side effects. Some individuals experience no side effects at all, whereas others experience quite a few.
If you are experiencing severe side effects, speak with your cancer care team and address any medical concerns. They can tell you more about your treatment, change your schedule or even change the type of treatment you are receiving. With their guidance, it is possible to maximize your quality of life while being treated for breast cancer. Most side effects go away in time, however, there are a few that may take several months or longer to go away completely. In the meantime, there are ways to reduce the discomfort they may be causing.
Fatigue is a feeling of extreme tiredness. Speak with your doctor about treating fatigue with prescription medications. Moreover, exercise acts directly on the central nervous system and it is a great way to increase energy and reduce fatigue.
Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are side effects that are typically associated with chemotherapy. Your doctor can prescribe certain medications which will help you manage these side effects. He or she may even recommend working with a dietitian, who can provide insightful tips on how to eat right and how to stay hydrated during chemotherapy.
Certain hormonal therapies and chemotherapies may cause bone loss, thus increasing the risk of bone fractures. Speak with your doctor about any prescription and over-the-counter medications that may help improve your bone health. He or she may even recommend certain exercises that help strengthen your muscles.
There are several medications that can help manage and alleviate pain. Different approaches may be required for controlling pain, which is why it is important to be as detailed as possible when describing your pain to your doctor.
Even though its exact cause is not known, chemo brain can happen at any time when you have cancer. It is a mental fog that causes problems with memory, attention, and concentration. There are several things that you can do to help improve your mental capabilities and manage chemo brain. Such coping methods include: getting plenty of rest, eating lots of vegetables, exercising on a regular basis, doing word puzzles, and keeping a journal to track appointments and schedules.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy for breast cancer can stop your body from making white blood cells, thus increasing your risk of developing infections. It is important to be proactive with your cancer care team in developing an infection control plan. Your doctor may even prescribe medications to reduce your risk of infection and improve your quality of life during chemotherapy.
Lymphedema is a chronic condition in which excess fluid builds up in the tissues and causes painful swelling, usually in an arm or leg. Your doctor can give you tips to reduce and even prevent the swelling, such as: wearing a specially fitted compression sleeve to help drain the excess fluid, performing light exercises, getting a massage, and undergoing complete decongestive therapy (CDT). He or she may even refer you to a special exercise program that is taught by a trained physical therapist and is known to help reduce such side effects.
Peripheral neuropathy is a common side effect of certain cancer treatments. It is a result of damage to the peripheral nerves and often causes pain, weakness, and numbness in the hands and feet. It can also affect other areas of your body. Speak with your doctor about taking medications for pain relief or even seeing a neurologist – a specialist in peripheral neuropathy and pain management.
Loss of appetite
Breast cancer treatment can diminish your appetite, making it harder to get the nutrition you need. In such instances, make sure you drink plenty of water, try an “instant breakfast” mix, or even eat smaller meals during the day instead of three large ones.
Mouth and dental problems
Chemotherapy can cause a sore mouth or gums. You may even develop mouth ulcers or a dry mouth. Brush your teeth with a soft toothbrush and keep your mouth as moist as possible using alcohol-free mouthwashes. Avoid hard foods, citrus fruits, and spicy or salty items. You may even want to check with your doctor or dentist about certain medications that can ease mouth soreness.
Skin and nail changes
Certain chemotherapy medications can cause skin dryness, sensitivity or skin rashes. You may even notice your nails becoming more brittle and cracked. Try moisturizing your skin to keep it hydrated and use a high-factor sunscreen during extreme hot weather.
Chemotherapy may lead to infertility because it tends to cause changes within the ovaries. This side effect is particularly greater in individuals over the ages of 35. If you plan on having children, address any fertility concerns with your cancer care team before you start your chemotherapy treatment. They may refer you to a fertility specialist to discuss your options for preserving your fertility.
Weight gain / weight loss
The shock of a breast cancer diagnosis and stress on your body can contribute to weight gain or loss during treatment. If you are concerned that you have gained or lost too much weight, speak with your doctor. Together, you can develop a proper plan for eating and dieting and figure out how to reach your healthy weight.
Diarrhea is a condition in which you experience loose and watery stools frequently during the day. Symptoms associated with this condition include bloating, cramps, and nausea. There are several breast cancer treatments that can cause diarrhea, of which the most common is chemotherapy. Diarrhea is also a common side effect of several pain medications. In order to alleviate diarrhea during breast cancer treatment, it is recommended that you drink plenty of water, eat foods that have a lot of potassium, eat foods that are high in sodium, avoid caffeinated beverages and limit your intake of milk and milk products.
For some individuals, side effects may carry on for some time. Others effects may even develop months or years after the chemotherapy has ended. These longer-term effects are rare, however, they can occur. Speak with your doctor about the benefits of treating your breast cancer with chemotherapy versus the risk of these rare effects occurring.
In recent years, there has been an explosion in life-altering treatments against breast cancer – surgery, hormonal therapy, radiation, and/or chemotherapy. However, such treatments may cause unwanted side effects and they tend to depend greatly on the amount of medication you are taking, the diet plan you are on, the length of your treatment, and your overall health.
While your body is recovering from such treatments, there are certain coping methods that can help minimize or alleviate many of the above listed side effects. Your health plan should include treatment for symptoms and side effects, so take the time to learn about all of your treatment options. Talk with your cancer care team about any method you are considering, the possible side effects associated with it, and let them help you to make an informed decision.