A number of factors affect the texture of an individual's skin, like overall health of the person, genes, age, and temperature. Of these, external factors can be addressed easily when compared to the internal factors that affect the smoothness. Dry skin is mostly affected by cold condition that is often accompanied by low humidity, both of which takes a toll on the skin. Hydrating the skin and replenishing the lost moisture are the two main steps in keeping the skin smooth and radiant. It is crucial in making the skin look young and healthy. Both external and internal care is equally important in controlling dry skin.
- According to skin care experts, spending long time in hot water baths takes away protective oil layer from the skin. Oil barrier is important to trap moisture and keep it smooth. So if you want to enjoy the shower and have a smooth skin, reduce the temperature of the water and have a short, if not quick, warm shower. Avoid hot water showers to keep the skin moist.
- Gentle cleansers are more skin friendly when compared to harsh, fragrant soaps. Opt for a mild cleanser or shower gel for your bath. Use cleansers containing ceramides that help to retain moisture in the skin.
- Remember to apply moisturizer when the skin is damp after the bath. Avoid wiping the skin completely dry. Pat it dry with a towel and top it up with a good moisturizer.
- In winter, have your humidifier on to avoid dry air that takes the life out of your skin.
- Hydrate yourselves by drinking plenty of water. It also helps to flush out the toxins from the body.
- Ensure to have foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential to replenish the oil barrier of the skin. Eat more of flax seeds, walnuts, and fishes like salmons and sardines.
- Avoid toners and astringents containing alcohol as it dries the skin.
- Dryness can also be caused by exposure to sun. Use broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or above. Avid overexposure to sun and wear appropriate accessories like wide-brimmed hat and scarves to protect the skin.
While choosing the right moisturizer, look for the ingredients that can lock moisture in the skin. These include:
- Hyaluronic acid
- Petroleum jelly
- Mineral oils
- Bathing in hot water can take away the protective oil layer from the skin, which can prevent the skin from staying hydrated.