Camran Nezhat, M.D. has been called the father of modern-day surgery for inventing and pioneering video-assisted endoscopy.1-8 His developments have revolutionized surgery, and he has been the first to perform many of the most advanced laparoscopic surgical procedures.1-53 Early on he advocated 5,9 and proved that the majority of the open procedures of the time could be performed via minimally invasive techniques.1-53 By doing so, he opened the door for surgeons all over the world to advance the field of minimally invasive surgery and help their patients.1-53
As the original proponent for minimally invasive surgery, he has declared that wherever in the body a cavity exists or can be created minimally invasive surgery is possible and probably preferable, the limiting factors are the skill and experience of the
surgeon and the availability of proper instrumentations.
In the 1990’s he collaborated with robotic pioneers Ajit Shah and Phil Green on development of the daVinci Robot46 and has innovated many of its applications10, 44-49 Following the pioneering work in video- assisted endoscopy, Camran Nezhat and his collaborators have been credited with performing the following procedures for the first time in surgical history:
Laparoscopic treatment of extensive endometriosis involving multiple organs 1985-1986, 1988- 1989, 1991-1994 4-9, 12, 24-32
Laparoscopic removal of dermoid cyst 1989 11
Radical hysterectomy with paraaortic and pelvic node dissection 1989-1992 9,12-14
Operative laparoscopy during advanced pregnancy 1990-1991 15
Management of ovarian remnant 1991-1992 17
Sacral colpopexy 1992, 1994 9,18
Laparoscopic-assisted myomectomy 1994 19
Laparoscopic repair of vesico vaginal fistulas 1994 20
Vaginal cuff dehiscence following laparoscopic hysterectomy 1995-1996 21
Laparoscopic debulking for advanced ovarian cancer 1996 22
Laparoscopic repair of Cesarean scar defect (Niche, Ishmocele, Diverticulum repair.) 2003 23
Laparoscopic bowel resection (including shaving technique, disk excision, and segmental colon resection by natural orifice, mini laparotomy, and total laparoscopic approach) 1988-1992, 1994
Ureter resection 1990, 1992 33,34
Bladder resection 1992 35
Ureteroneocystostomy with and without Psoas Hitch 1992, 1999 33,34,36
Vesico vaginal fistula repair 1994 20
UPPER ABDOMEN AND CHEST
Diaphragm resection and repair 1992 37
Laparoscopic treatment of lung endometriosis 1992, 2012 38,39
Laparoscopic treatment of liver endometriosis 2005 40
Laparoscopic repair of major retroperitoneal vessels 1997, 2002 41,42
The pioneering work above, along with his other innovations, like vessel sealing and cutting devices, suction irrigation instruments, surgical lasers, safe abdominal entry techniques, robotics, etc., serve millions of patients around the world. He has more than 30 patents for his various inventions and developments.
He is author of eight textbooks and several hundred peer reviewed articles and book chapters. He has trained many physicians around the world who have become pillars of their communities. He started teaching postgraduate courses in 1982 and continues to teach and share his knowledge with medical professionals internationally. He has had teaching and leadership roles at many different societies and universities around the world.
In 2014, Camran Nezhat in collaboration with Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, started the first “Endometriosis Specialist” Subspecialty in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery Fellowship, embracing a multidisciplinary approach. He is the Founder of Worldwide Endometriosis March (EndoMarch), a global grassroots movement with the mission of raising awareness about endometriosis
and finding noninvasive diagnostic testing, and ultimately, prevention and treatment (www.endomarch.org). More than sixty countries are involved in this movement.
He is the recipient of many awards. He has been involved in research, teaching, innovating and philanthropic activities while in private practice throughout his professional life. His biggest love is to take care of his patients.
For more information, please visit www.nezhat.org.
1) Podratz, Karl, MD PHD. Degrees of Freedom: Advances in Gynecological and Obstetrical Surgery. Remembering Milestones and Achievements in Surgery: Inspiring Quality for a Hundred Years 1913-2012. Published by American College of Surgeons 2012. Tampa: Faircount Media Group; 2013. 2) Carter JE. Biography of Camran Nezhat, MD, FACOG, FACS. JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. 2006;10(2):275- 280. 3) Kelley WE. The Evolution of Laparoscopy and the Revolution in Surgery in the Decade of the 1990s. JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. 2008;12(4):351-357. 4) Stanford News Services Media Monitor. Stanford Report. February 9, 2005; 9. 5) Nezhat, C., Crowgey, S. R. & Garrison, C. P. Surgical treatment of endometriosis via laser laparoscopy. Fertility & Sterility. P 45, 778 -- 783. (1986) 6) Nezhat C, Nezhat F. Evaluation of safety of videolaseroscopic treatment of bowel endometriosis, Scientific Paper, 44th Annual Meeting of the American Fertility Society, Atlanta Hilton and Towers, Atlanta, Georgia, October 8 -- 13, 1988 7) Nezhat C, Hood J, Winer W, et al. Videolaseroscopy and laser laparoscopy in gynecology. Br J Hosp Med. P 38, 219 -- 224. (1987) 8) Nezhat C, Videolaseroscopy: a new modality for the treatment of diseases of the reproductive organs. Colposc Gynecol Laser Surg 1986; 2: 221 – 224 9) Nezhat, C, Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Operative laparoscopy (minimally invasive surgery). State of the art, J Gynecol Surg. 1992; 8:111–141. 10) Nezhat C, Saberi NS, Shahmohamady B, Nezhat F. Robotic-assisted laparoscopy in gynecological surgery JSLS. Vol 10 (3), p 317 -- 320. (2006) 11) Nezhat C, Winer WK, Nezhat F. Laparoscopic removal of dermoid cysts. Obstet Gynecol, February 1989;73(2): 278 -- 281. 12) Nezhat C, Nezhat F. Silfen SL. Videolaseroscopy: the CO2 laser for advanced operative laparoscopy. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 1991;18:585–604. 13) Nezhat C, Burrell M, Nezhat F, Benigno B, Welander CE. Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with paraaortic and pelvic node dissection. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992;166:864–865. 14) Nezhat CR, Nezhat FR, Ramirez CE, et al. Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and laparoscopic assisted vaginal radical hysterectomy with pelvic and paraaortic node dissection, J Gynecol Surg. 1993;9:105–120. 15) Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Silfen S, Fehnel S. Laparoscopic Ovarian cystectomy during pregnancy. J Laparoendosc Surg. 1991;1:161–164. 16) Nezhat C. Letter to the Editor: Radical Hysterectomy. Am J Obstet Gynecol, May 1993;168(5): 1643-1644. 17) Nezhat F, Nezhat C. Operative laparoscopy for the treatment of ovarian remnant syndrome. Fertil Steril, May 1992;57(5): 1003 - - 1007. 18) Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Nezhat CH. Laparoscopic sacral colpopexy for vaginal wall prolapse. Obstet Gynecol. 1994;84:885– 888. 19) Nezhat C, Nezhat F, Bess O, Nezhat CH, Mashiach R. Laparoscopically assisted myomectomy: a report of a new technique in 57 cases. Int J Fertil Menopausal Stud. P 39(1): 39 -- 44. (1994) 20) Nezhat CH, Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Rottenberg H. Laparoscopic repair of a vesicovaginal fistula: a case report. Obstet Gynecol. 1994;83:899 – 901. 21) Nezhat CH, Nezhat F, Seidman DS, Nezhat C. Vaginal vault evisceration after total laparoscopic hysterectomy. Obstet Gynecol 1996;87: 868–870.
22) Amara DP, Nezhat C, Teng NN, Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Rosati M. Operative laparoscopy in the management of ovarian cancer. Surgical Laparoscopy 1996 Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques. P 6(1): 38 -- 45. (1996) 23) Jacobson M, Osias J, Velasco A, Charles R, Nezhat C. Laparoscopic repair of a uteroperitoneal fistula. JSLS. 2003;7:367–369. 24) Nezhat CR, Nezhat FR. Safe laser excision and vaporization of endometriosis. Fertil Steril, 1989; P 52(1): 149 – 151 25) Nezhat C, Pennington E, Nezhat F, Silfen SL. Laparoscopically assisted anterior rectal wall resection and reanastomosis for deeply infiltrating endometriosis. Surg Laparosc Endosc, June 1991;1(2): 106 -- 108. 26) Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Pennington E. Laparoscopic proctectomy for infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum. Fertil Steril, May 1992;57(5): 1129-1132. 27) Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Pennington E, Ambroze W Jr. Laparoscopic segmental resection for infiltrating endometriosis of the recto sigmoid colon: a preliminary report. Surg Laparosc Endosc. 1992;2:212–216. 28) Nezhat C, Nezhat F, Pennington E. Laparoscopic treatment of lower colorectal and infiltrating rectovaginal septum endometriosis by the technique of videolaseroscopy. Br J Obstet Gynae- col. 1992;99:664–667. 29) Nezhat C, Nezhat F, Nezhat CH. Surgery for Endometriosis of the Bowel, Bladder, Ureter, and Diaphragm. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1997; 828: 332-340 30) Nezhat C, Nezhat F, Pennington E, et al. Laparoscopic disk excision and primary repair of the anterior rectal wall for the treatment of full thickness bowel endometriosis. Surg Endosc. 1994;8:682– 685. 31) Nezhat C., Nezhat F. Ambroze W. & Pennington E. Laparoscopic repair of small bowel and colon: A report of 26 cases. Surg Endosc. P 7(2): 88 – 8 9. (1993) 32) Nezhat F. Triumphs and controversies in laparoscopy: the past, the present, and the future. JSLS. 2003;7:1–5. 33) Nezhat C, Nezhat F, Green B. Laparoscopic treatment of obstructed ureter due to endometriosis by resection and ureteroureterostomy. A case report. J Urol. 1992;148:865–868. 34) Nezhat CH, Nezhat F, Freiha F, Nezhat C. Laparoscopic vesicopsoas hitch for infiltrative ureteral endometriosis. Fertil Steril. 1999;71:376– 379. 35) Nezhat C, Nezhat F. Laparoscopic segmental bladder resection for endometriosis: a report of two cases. Obstet Gynecol. 1993;81:882– 884. 36) Nezhat CH, Malik S, Nezhat F, Nezhat C. Laparoscopic ureteroneocystostomy and vesicopsoas hitch for infiltrative endometriosis. JSLS. 2004;8:3–7. 37) Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Levy JS. Laparoscopic treatment of symptomatic diaphragmatic endometriosis: A case report. Fertil Steril. 1992;58:614–616. 38) Nezhat C, King LP, Paka C, Odegaard J, Beygui R. Bilateral thoracic endometriosis affecting the lung and diaphragm. JSLS. 2012 Jan-Mar; 16(1): 140–142 39) Nezhat C, Main J, Paka C, Nezhat A, Beygui R. Multidisciplinary Treatment for Thoracic and Abdominopelvic Endometriosis. JSLS. 2014 Jul-Sep; 18(3) 40) Nezhat C, Kazerooni T, Berker B, LaShay N, Susan Fernan- dez S, Marziali M. Laparoscopic management of hepatic endometriosis: report of Two Cases and review of literature. J Min Invas Gynecol. 2005;12:196–200. 41) Nezhat C, Childers J, Nezhat F, et al. Major retroperitoneal vascular injury during laparoscopic surgery. Hum Reprod. 1997; 12:480 – 483. 42) Jacobson M, Oesterling S, Milki A, Nezhat CR. Laparoscopic control of a leaking inferior mesenteric vessel secondary to trocar injury. JSLS. 2002;6:389–391. 43) Nezhat F, Nezhat C, Allan CJ, Metzger DA, Sears DL. Clinical and histologic classification of endometriomas: implications for a mechanism of pathogenesis. J Repro Med. 1992;37:771–776 44) Nezhat C, Lavie O, Hsu S, Watson J, Barnett O, Lemyre M. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy compared with standard laparoscopic myomectomy -- a retrospective matched control study. Fertility and Sterility Vol. 91 (2), p 556 -- 565. (2009) 45) Nezhat C, Hajhosseini B, King LP. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic treatment of bowel, bladder, and ureteral endometriosis. JSLS. 2011 Jul-Sep; 15(3): 387–392 46) Shah A, Schipper E. Robot-Assisted Laparoscopy. In: Nezhat C, Nezhat F, Nezhat CH, editors. Nezhat’s Video-Assisted and Robotic- Assisted Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2013: 628-632. 47) Nezhat CR, Lewis M, Kotikela S, Veeraswamy A, Saadat L, Hajhosseini B, Nezhat CH. Robotic Versus Standard Laparoscopy for the Treatment of Endometriosis. Fertility and Sterility, (2010) Feb-Dec, Volume 94, Issue 7, P 2758 -- 2760. 48) Nezhat C, Lavie O, Lemyre M, Gemer O, Bhagan L, Nezhat CH. Laparoscopic hysterectomy with and without a robot: Stanford experience. JSLS. 2009 Apr-Jun; 13(2): 125–128)
49) Nezhat C, Lavie O, Lemyre M, Unal E, Nezhat CH, Nezhat FR. Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Surgery in Gynecology: Scientific Dream or Reality? Fertility and Sterility, Volume 91, Issue 6, P 2620 -- 2622, (2008). 50) Nezhat C, My Journey with AAGL. Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology. 2010; 17(3): 271-277. 51) Nezhat C. Operative endoscopy will replace almost all open procedures. JSLS. 2004;8:101–102. 52) Nezhat C. 2005 Presidential address. JSLS. 2005; 9:370-375 53) Nezhat C, Nezhat F. Laparoscopic Repair of Ureter Resected During operative Laparoscopy. Obstet Gynecol. September 1992; 80(3 Pt 2): 543-544. 54) Nezhat C, Nezhat F, Nezhat CH. Nezhat’s Operative Gynecologic Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, New York, NY. 4th edition. 2013.
Education and Training
Tehran University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine 1972
Obstetrics and GynecologyAmerican Board of Obstetrics and GynecologyABOG
Areas of expertise and specialization
Faculty Titles & Positions
- Director Camran Nezhat Institute 1993 - 2019
- Clinical Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine 2006 - 2019
- Infertility, Endometriosis, Fibroids And More
- Birth Defects
- Interstitial Cystitis
- Menstrual Cramps
- American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology
- American College of Surgeons
- American Medical Association
- American Society for Reproductive Medicine
- Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
- Society of Reproductive Surgeons
- Suny Buffalo Grad Med-Dent, Obstetrics And Gynecology; Kaleida Hlth Sys-M Fillmore, Obstetrics And Gynecology; Kaleida Hlth Sys-M Fillmore, Internal Medicine
- SUNY Buffalo Hosps 1978
- Millard Fillmore Hospitals
- State University Of New York At Buffalo School Of Medicine
- Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Augusta, Georgia
Charities and Philanthropic Endeavors
- Stanford Hospital ( Stanford, CA )
Dr. Camran R. Nezhat, MD, FACOG, FACS's Practice location
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Camran R. Nezhat, MD, FACOG, FACS, Obstetrician-Gynecologist with the Camran Nezhat Institute
Get to know Obstetrician-Gynecologist Dr. Camran R. Nezhat, who serves patients in Palo Alto, California.
Dr. Nezhat is an internationally renowned laparoscopic and robotic surgeon, obstetrician-gynecologist, scientist, and innovator who has been in private practice more than 20 years in Palo Alto (a suburb of San Francisco), California. He is considered to be the best, most experienced and respected endometriosis surgeon specialist in the world and has performed more endometriosis surgeries than any other surgeon.
Dr. Nezhat has been called the father of modern-day surgery for inventing and pioneering Video Laparoscopy and Video Assisted Endoscopy Surgery. His developments have revolutionized surgery, and he has been the first to perform many of the most advanced laparoscopic surgical procedures. Early on, he advocated and proved that the majority of the open procedures of the time could be performed via minimally invasive techniques. By doing so, he opened the door for surgeons all over the world to advance the field of minimally invasive surgery and help their patients.
Dr. Nezhat is the Director of his own private practice - the Camran Nezhat Institute - located in Palo Alto, California. The practice specializes in the diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment of female reproductive disorders including: endometriosis, infertility, fibroids (leiomyomas), ovarian cysts, pelvic pain, laparoscopic surgery (MIS), robotic-assisted surgery, and bowel / bladder endometriosis.
Dr. Nezhat received his medical degree from the Tehran University of Medical Sciences School of Medicine. He completed an internship and residency at Kaleida Health System - M Fillmore, as well as another residency at the University of Buffalo.
Dr. Nezhat is board-certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG). The ABOG is a non-profit organization that board certifies obstetricians and gynecologists (OB GYNS) and offers continuing certification to OB GYNS in the United States and Canada. Their mission is to define specialty standards, certify obstetricians and gynecologists, and facilitate continuous learning to advance knowledge, practice, and professionalism in women’s health.
As the original proponent for minimally invasive surgery, Dr. Nezhat has declared that wherever in the body a cavity exists or it can be created, minimally invasive surgery is possible and probably preferable. The limiting factors are the skill and experience of the surgeon and the availability of proper instrumentations.
Following the pioneering work in video-assisted endoscopy, Dr. Nezhat and his collaborators have been credited with performing the following procedures for the first time in surgical history: laparoscopic treatment of extensive endometriosis involving multiple organs, laparoscopic bowel resection, ureter resection, diaphragm resection and repair, laparoscopic repair of major retroperitoneal vessels, and so much more. These procedures now serve millions of patients around the world.
Dr. Nezhat is the author of eight text books and several hundred peer reviewed articles and book chapters. He has trained many physicians around the world who have become pillars of their communities. He started teaching postgraduate courses in 1982 and continues to teach and share his knowledge with medical professionals internationally. He has had teaching and leadership roles at many different societies and universities around the world, including the role of an adjunct clinical professor of surgery, and obstetrics and gynecology at Stanford University Medical Center in Palo Alto, California since 1993.
Obstetrics and gynaecology is the medical specialty that encompasses the two subspecialties of obstetrics (covering pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period) and gynaecology (covering the health of the female reproductive system – vagina, uterus, and ovaries). An obstetrician-gynecologist or OB GYN is a doctor who specializes in women’s health.
In 2014, Dr. Nezhat, in collaboration with Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, started the first “Endometriosis Specialist” Subspecialty in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery Fellowship, embracing a multidisciplinary approach. He is the Founder of Worldwide Endometriosis March (EndoMarch), a global grassroots movement with the mission of raising awareness about endometriosis and finding noninvasive diagnostic testing, and ultimately, prevention and treatment (www.endomarch.org). More than sixty countries are involved in this movement.
Dr. Nezhat holds professional memberships with several organizations, including the American Medical Association, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons, and the Society of Reproductive Surgeons. He is also Fellow of the American College of Surgeons (FACS) and Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (FACOG).
Dr. Nezhat is the recipient of numerous awards, including Recipient of the 2015 SRS Distinguished Surgeon Award and Recipient of ACOG Fellowship History Award in 2005 - among others. He has been involved in research, teaching, innovating and philanthropic activities while in private practice throughout his professional life. His biggest love is taking care of his patients.
Learn More about Dr. Camran R. Nezhat:
Through his findatopdoc profile, https://www.findatopdoc.com/doctor/1564337-Camran-Nezhat-OB-GYN-Obstetrician-Gynecologist or through Camran Nezhat: Center for Special Minimally Invasive & Robotic Surgery, http://nezhat.org/biography-of-doctor-camran-nezhat/
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