Sexually transmitted diseases or sexually transmitted infections are generally caused by sexual contact. The organisms that cause sexually transmitted diseases spread from one person to another in blood stream, semen, vaginal or other body fluids.
Sometimes these infections might be transmitted non sexually from mother to infant while pregnancy or through blood transfusions and shared needles.
Sexually transmitted diseases have a range of signs and symptoms, and sometimes no signs and symptoms are noted. That is the reason these diseases they go unnoticed until complications occur or until the partner is diagnosed.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) caused by bacteria are easier to treat than STIs caused by virus. If a pregnant woman is infected with STI prompt treatment will reduce the risk of child being infected with STI.
Antibiotics- these drugs often in single dose can cure sexually transmitted infections including gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and trichomonas’s. Mostly people are treated for gonorrhea and chlamydia. Once antibiotic treatment is started it is crucial to follow through. And further contact with sexual partner must be avoided until the sores heal completely.
Antiviral drugs- these drugs can reduce the complications of STIs caused by viruses but there will be still a high chance of transmitting the disease. The sooner treatment is started the more effective treatment will be. Partner notification treatment- once detected with STI, the person must inform his/her partner/partners in last few months about this. So that they can prevent this disease.
Factors that may increase the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are:
Having unprotected sex- vaginal or anal penetration by an infected partner without wearing a latex condom significantly increases the risk of getting infected with STD. Oral sex is less risky, but infections can still be transmitted without a latex condom or dental dam. Dental dam a thin square pieces of latex preventing skin to skin contact.
Having sexual contact with multiple partners- the more people involved in sexual activity the higher is the probability to get infected with STD.
Having a history of STIs- past history of a sexually transmitted infection makes it much easier to contract another STI.
Injecting drugs – using infected needles will cause the spread of STD.
Transmission from mother to infant- if mother is infected with STD there is a high chance that child will acquire this infection.
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