Fatigue or weakness, so much that its leads to decrease in functionality. Sometimes these symptoms are related to an underlying medical cause like cancer or heart disease, but more severe than what is expected.
In some cases, the symptoms are not related to any medical cause. There can be a single symptom or multiple symptoms which can range from mild to severe.
Emotional symptoms include
Worrying about underlying illness, considering these symptoms as signs of severe illness, fearing medical seriousness of these physical sensations even when there is no evidence, thinking of these symptoms as threatening and harmful, feeling that medical evaluation of the condition is not adequate or the doctors are not doing enough, fearing that physical activity may be harmful to the body, going repeatedly for checkup, frequent heath care visits that do not relieve the concerns and being unresponsive to treatment.
In this disorder, proper reaction to the symptoms is important because emotional distress makes the condition worse.
There is no exact cause of somatic symptom disorder.
The following factors are found to play an important role in this disorder:
genetic and biological factors,
and learned behavior.
4 Making a Diagnosis
The doctor will start diagnosis of somatic symptom disorder with physical examination. Doctor may also refer to a mental health care provider.
He or she may conduct a psychological evaluation to talk about:
fears or concerns,
and issues affecting life.
Asking questions about:
drug or substance abuse.
The criteria for diagnosis according to (DSM-5), published by the American psychiatric association, emphasizes these points in these points in the diagnosis of somatic symptom disorder: one or more somatic symptoms that are distressing or result in problems with daily life.
Presence of excessive and persistent thoughts about the seriousness of the situation, devoting too much time to the health concerns and continue to have these symptoms for more than 6 months.
There is very little knowledge about somatic symptom disorder, however these recommendations will help to prevent this disease:
people having anxiety or depression must seek professional help as soon as possible,
regular practice of stress management and relaxation techniques,
early treatment will help reduce the symptoms,
stick with treatment plan to help prevent relapses or worsening of symptoms.
6 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
Some of the following home remedies can be useful in the treatment of somatic symptom disorder:
Practice stress management and relaxation techniques: Practicing meditation and progressive muscle relaxation must be done to keep stress under control.
Get physically active: Exercise of mild to moderate course must be done or yoga can be practiced to maintain good physical condition of body.
Active participation in activities: Participating in regular activities such as physical work or social relations and family activities will keep mild relaxed.
7 Lifestyle and Coping
Lifestyle modifications are necessary in order to cope with somatic symptom disorder. These include:
Working with healthcare provider: Working with healthcare provider and staying in touch with doctor help doctors to stay updated with the disease and might bring some essential changes in the medications.
Substance abuse: Avoiding alcohol consumption and drug abuse will help to treat the situation faster.
8 Risks and Complications
There are several risks and complications associated with somatic symptom disorder.
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