Red spots on the skin are a common medical occurrence. When the spots occur in outbreaks, they are sometimes termed rashes. Rashes can occur due to infections of the skin, disseminated infections, allergic reactions, or irritations of the skin. When a red bump or rash is flat, it is medically known as a macule. When the red spot is raised, it is known as a papule. Red spots on the skin that occur singly can be a small benign tumor of blood vessels, known as a hemangioma. Tiny, pinpoint hemorrhages can be seen in the skin and are referred to as petechiae. Bleeding disorders can also lead to the formation of purplish red spots that are larger, known as purpura. Rashes can be associated with other symptoms, such as hives or itching. Red spots on the skin that are related to underlying medical conditions will be associated with symptoms of the underlying condition.
Skin disorders vary in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent, and may be painless or painful. Some skin conditions are minor, and others can be life-threatening.
Common skin conditions include:
- cold sores
- actinic keratosis
- latex allergy
- basal cell carcinoma
The following are some of the most common skin disorders and conditions that feature red dots on the skin.
1. Cherry Angiomas
If you notice a tiny mark that looks like a red mole, you may have cherry angiomas. These are very common, and most usually seen in people over the age of 30. These marks appear red because a blood vessel has broken beneath the skin. Researchers aren’t exactly sure about what causes Cherry Angiomas, but they believe that there’s a connection to genetics. Generally, these little red dots on your skin are harmless, but make sure to see a doctor if you see these red marks growing, changing shape, or turning to a different color.
2. Keratosis Pilaris
Keratosis pilaris is a minor condition that causes small, rough bumps on the skin. These bumps usually form on the upper arms, thighs, or cheeks. They’re usually red or white and don’t hurt or itch. Treatment isn’t necessary, but medicated creams can improve skin appearance.
Also known as atopic dermatitis, eczema is a skin condition characterized by dry, sensitive skin, itching, scales, and crusting. Eczema is usually very itchy and can become inflamed. Over 30 million Americans have eczema, and while there aren’t any known cures, this skin condition is controllable.
These small red bumps that develop on the back, chest, shoulders, and buttocks are caused by inflammation and irritation of the hair follicles and is sometimes related to bacteria and yeast on the skin. It is suggested to change out of sweaty clothing as soon as possible post-workout, and use salicylic acid-based wipes, as well as using antibacterial and anti-yeast washes in the shower.
5. Skin Tags
If you’ve noticed a flesh or brown-colored flap on your skin, you may have skin tags. These usually look like a flap of tissue connected to a stalk. These are most often found in places where the skin rubs together: under the breasts, on the neck, or under fat folds. Women and older people are most likely to get these skin tags. Luckily, these are completely harmless.
Learning about proper skin care and treatment for skin disorders can be extremely important for skin health. Some conditions require the attention of a doctor, while you can address others by yourself at home. You should learn about your symptoms or condition and talk with your doctor to determine the best treatment methods.