Healthy Living

Managing Cognitive Decline in Type 2 Diabetes through Early Intervention

Managing Cognitive Decline in Type 2 Diabetes through Early Intervention

Managing Cognitive Decline in Type 2 Diabetes through Early Intervention

Most people that become diagnosed with metabolic diseases such as diabetes are also at high risk of experiencing a number of cognitive dysfunctions, which are brought about by the disease itself. Cognitive impairments can take a huge toll on the patient's life as well as family and friends. There have been numerous studies and research on the treatment and prevention of the cognitive decline over the past several years. 

On the life of the patient, family and friends, cognitive impairment can take a huge toll. Over the past several years on treatment and prevention of cognitive decline there have been numerous studies and research.

According to the amount of insulin lacking in a person, there are two types of diabetes mellitus. The two types are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Types 2 is the most commonly diagnosed types and out of 100 people 90-95 people have it whereas type 1 may be 5-10.

Diabetes can affect the brain of the person. In the cognitive functioning of people serious consequences can result since the brain is highly sensitive to the amount of sugar present in the body. The severity may however differ. However it has been suggested that through good diabetes control, fears can be avoided. In several cognitive functioning impairment, T2DM has been associated with. One such includes, in the blood flow to the brain there are negative changes. This is correlated with poor performance and lower scores. Changes in cognitive capacity in diabetic patient can be predicted by monitoring blood flow in the brain.

Exactly at what stage does cognitive impairment begin is, it is still not conclusive. Also how it progresses over time is still not known. According to a study in the early stages of diabetes the cognitive impairment can be observed. Risk factors include history of macro vascular disease and smoking. The downside is that at early stages it can be missed since T2DM usually develops subtly.

In people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes several studies have been conducted on preventing, treating or managing gradual cognitive impairment. In the lives of many people the impact of cognitive impairment because of diabetes is known to many people especially the ones diagnosed with the disease. The person’s verbal memory, the speed of information processing and mental flexibility can get affected due to impaired blood flow regulation.  In performing day to day tasks people may have difficult time. The risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia is also greater. Finally the social and mental functions get impaired.

The lives of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes can be greatly improved if they are able to manage its effects on mental ability and cognition. Cognitive impairments can lead to poor performance. It can be mild or serious. Hence family or caregivers need to constantly monitor it. This makes performing simple tasks easier for the patient and also for those around him or her. Also certain emotions can be handled very well if the cognitive impairment is managed.

Due to co morbid disease and serious complication one of the leading causes of premature death is considered as type 2 diabetes.  Upon the diagnosis of T2DM, a lot of causes come into play. On the course of the disease a long term positive effect can be provided by early interventions.  Thus a better life can be led by people suffering from it. The challenges of diagnosed diabetes can be removed by doing further studies, also it will help to manage or delay the impairments.