Menopause or climacteric is when the menstrual cycle of women stops permanently and a natural biological process.
It will occur 12 months after your last menstrual period and it can happen around 40-55 years of age and at the same time it ends fertility meaning you will not be able to have any children but you can stay vital, sexual and healthy.
Most women like this stage because they will not be pregnant anymore, though some had menopausal babies.
Signs and symptoms of this include hot flashes that usually last from 30 seconds up to 10 minutes, it may be associated with sweating, shivering and redness of the skin, vaginal dryness, mood changes, trouble sleeping, emotional symptoms, it will also trigger anxiety or feeling of loss or sadness.
Ask for treatment if these symptoms bother you that range from lifestyle adjustments to hormone therapy.
Skipping periods is expected and common during perimenopause, and it will occur every two to four months during this stage, specifically one to two years before menopause.
Pregnancy is still possible when you have irregular periods, you may seek advice from a physician or buy a pregnancy test to be sure.
Set an appointment if you are bothered by your irregular periods.
There are recommended screenings such as; mammography, thyroid testing, colonoscopy, lipid testing, pelvic and breast exams. If your vagina is bleeding, see your doctor resolve the problem.
The causes of menopause include:
Age, your ovaries start making less estrogen and progesterone (hormones that regulate menstruation) as you approach your late 30s, your menstrual periods may become more or less frequent, heavier or lighter, longer or shorter in your 40s and you will not have any period by the age of 51.
Hysterectomy, it removes the uterus but not the ovaries, your ovaries still release eggs and produce progesterone and estrogen even if you no longer have periods, but it does not cause immediate menopause.
No medical treatment is needed for menopause. The only medications and treatments that are needed are for the relief of your symptoms and signs and managing your chronic conditions that may cause due to aging.
These treatments are:
Estrogen therapy which is the most effective known treatment for the relief hot flashes, your doctor will give the right dosage for you and estrogen also helps in preventing bone loss.
Low dosage antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for managing hot flashes which may be useful for women who have mood disorder and for health reasons.
Vaginal estrogen so there will be relief regarding urinary symptoms, vaginal dryness, and discomfort with intercourse.
Neurontin or Gabapentin to help reduce the hot flashes and treat seizures, this is good for women who have migraines, medications for people who have osteoporosis.
Ask your doctor first which treatment you should use.
You can prevent the symptoms of menopause by:
Eating a healthy diet, a well-balanced diet with less salt and sugar.
Have enough sleep.
Be cautious about your blood pressure and bones.
7 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
Some alternative remedies used for menopause are:
Bioidentical hormones that are available in the pharmacy, ask your doctor first if he will recommend this.
Plant Estrogens or phytoestrogens that have two types (lignans that can be seen in whole grains, flaxseed and vegetables and fruits; and isoflavones that can be seen in chickpeas, legumes, and soybeans).
Yoga may be effective to reduce hot flashes with the proper breathing technique and posture.
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