Niemann-Pick disease is classified in three types: A, B, and C. The disease compromises the ability of the body to metabolize fat, including cholesterol and lipids. When the body fails to do this, fat accumulation within the cells occur, causing the cells to not function properly and ultimately die.
Although the disease affects children the most, Niemann-Pick can also occur in people within any age group. An inherited disease, Niemann-Pick typically affects the nerves, liver, bone marrow, spleen, and brain. In severe cases, the lungs are affected, which can be fatal. The symptoms initially show as it causes progressive deterioration of the nerves, organs, and brain.
The cure for Niemann-Pick is still unknown.