A few days later flat, red spots appear first on face, hands and forearms and later on trunk. Within a day or two these lesions will turn into small blisters filled with clear fluid, which turns into pus.
Scabs begin to from eight to nine days later and eventually fall of leaving deep pitted scars.
Smallpox is caused by infection with variola virus. The virus can be transmitted: directly from person to person.
Direct transmission from person to person takes quite a lot of time. Virus can also be spread through air when infected person coughs or sneezes.
Indirectly from an infected person
Airborne virus can spread farther, possibility through the ventilation system of a building, infecting people in other rooms and other floors.
Smallpox can spread through coming into contact with items which were contaminated.
4 Making a Diagnosis
The center for disease control and prevention can do diagnostic test for smallpox using a tissue sample taken from the lesions of skin from infected person.
If there was smallpox outbreak to occur today, it is likely that most doctors wouldn’t recognize this this situation in its early stages. Which would allow disease to spread.
Even one confirmed case of smallpox would be a potential threat.
As for now no cure for smallpox exists and in the event of infection treatment would focus on relieving symptoms and keeping the person from dehydrated.
If person also develops bacterial infections antibiotics will be prescribed.
Prevention of smallpox mainly focuses on isolation of people during an event of outbreak to control the spread of virus.
Anyone who contacted with someone who developed an infection would need smallpox vaccine, which can prevent or lessen the severity of disease if given with four days of exposure to smallpox virus.
This vaccine uses a virus that is related to smallpox, and it can occasionally cause serious complications, such as infections affecting heart and brain.
7 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
There are no known alternative and homeopathic remedies for smallpox.
8 Lifestyle and Coping
Lifestyle modifications are necessary in order to cope with smallpox.
Smallpox although is eliminated and not present currently.
Lifestyle changes which are required to be brought are drinking lot of water, living in hygienic conditions and it is recommended to be isolated so that the virus dose not spread.
Coping from smallpox infection takes some time but eventually the person can have normal lifestyle back.
9 Risks and Complications
There are several risks and complications associated with smallpox.
Most people who are infected with smallpox survive. However, few verities of smallpox are always fatal.
These more severe forms commonly affect pregnant women and people with impaired immune systems.
People who recover from smallpox have severe scars, especially on the face, arms and legs.
In some cases, smallpox may become the reason for blindness.
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