In preparing for your In vitro fertilization (IVF), you must follow your doctor’s orders.
There is information online regarding U.S. clinics’ individual pregnancy and live birth rates provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology.
Consult your doctor first about the costs related with each step of the procedure.
You and your partner will have to undergo certain screenings such as:
Semen analysis – this is done before the start of an IVF treatment cycle.
Ovarian reserve testing – your doctor will test the concentration of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), antimullerian hormone, and estrogen in your blood to check the quality and quantity of the eggs.
Uterine cavity exam – this procedure might involve ultrasound (to create pictures of the uterine cavity) and Sonohysterography (fluid is injected through the cervix into your uterus), or hysteroscopy by inserting a hysteroscope through your cervix and vagina to the uterus.
Mock embryo transfer – to check the depth of your uterine cavity.
Infectious disease screening – you and your partner will have to be screened if you have any infectious diseases.
5 What to Expect
Read on to learn more about what to expect from your In vitro fertilization (IVF).
The steps involved in IVF include:
Stimulation - your doctor will give you fertility drugs to increase the number of eggs that your body produces because using multiple eggs will increase the chances of developing an embryo, this will be done along with ultrasounds and blood tests to monitor and check the development of the production of eggs.
Egg retrieval – this is also known as follicular aspiration which is done with a general anesthesia. An ultrasound wand will be used by your doctor to guide the needle through your vagina into the ovary and then into the follicle. He will then suction all the fluid and eggs out of each follicle.
Insemination – your partner will have to give a semen sample to your doctor. He will give mix it along with the eggs in a petri dish.
Embryo culture – to ensure that the eggs are dividing and developing, your doctor will monitor the fertilized eggs. He may also recommend genetic testing for the embryos.
Transfer – your doctor will have to wait for the embryos to grow. They can now be implanted once they are large enough. Mostly, this will happen within three to five days after the fertilization.
Your doctor will insert a catheter into your vagina and cervix into your uterus, he will then release the embryo in your uterus.
When the embryo implants itself in the uterine wall, pregnancy occurs. Mostly this will take up to ten days. Your doctor will conduct a blood test to check if you are now pregnant.
6 Procedure Results
If you do not understand your In vitro fertilization (IVF) results, consult with your doctor.
Your doctor will conduct a blood test to check if you are pregnant after two weeks of egg retrieval. If you are pregnant he will refer you to a pregnancy specialist for prenatal care.
If you are not pregnant you will likely to have menstruation after a week. Your doctor will recommend on how to improve the chances of you being pregnant if you still want to try another cycle.
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