presymptomatic and predictive testing – you will have an undergoing testing if you have a family history of a genetic condition
carrier testing – you may choose to have genetic testing before having children if you have sickle cell anemia or cystic fibrosis or you belong to an ethnic group, to detect genes related to a wide variety of genetic diseases and mutations you may want to do an expanded carrier screening test
pharmacogenetics – this can determine what medications and dosage will be most effective and beneficial for you if you have a particular health condition or disease
prenatal testing – these tests can detect types of abnormalities in the baby’s genes such as trisomy 18 or Down syndrome
newborn screening – this test is required in all states of the United States and this can check for specific conditions such as congenital hypothyroidism so treatment can begin right away
preimplantation testing – this is done if you want to conceive a child using vitro fertilization
Depending on the type of genetic test that you had and the facility is the amount of time it takes for you to receive the results. Consult your doctor about when can you expect the results.
The genetic alteration that was being tested for was detected if the genetic test result is positive. Depending on the reason you underwent genetic testing is the steps you take after you receive a positive result.
A positive result will help you and your doctor determine the right treatment and management plan if the purpose was to diagnose a specific disease.
Your doctor will help you determine your child's risk of actually developing the disease if you were tested to find out if you are carrying an altered gene that could cause disease in your child.
A positive test doesn't necessarily mean you will get that disorder if you were having gene testing to determine if you might develop a certain disease. Consult your doctor regarding your results.
Results can help you make choices related to family planning, careers, and insurance coverage or you can make lifestyle changes that may decrease your risk of developing a disease.
Negative results mean that there is no genetic alteration that is detected in the test but it does not guarantee that you do not have an alteration.
For example, people who don't have a breast cancer gene (BRCA1 or BRCA2) can still develop breast cancer. In some cases, there are inconclusive results that do not provide helpful information.
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