Medication or with special breathing devices are often the treatment of lung damage but your doctor may suggest lung transplant if any of these treatments do not work.
3 Potential Risks
The two major risks of complications for lung transplant re-infection and rejection.
For risks of infection, your body will become more vulnerable to infection especially the lung because anti-rejection drugs suppress your immune system and to help prevent infections you must:
Wash your hands often.
Take good care of your mouth and teeth.
Avoid crowds and people who are ill.
Received appropriate vaccinations.
Protect your skin from sores and scratches.
For rejection, your immune system will attack foreign substances and try to reject your lungs. Your drug regimen after transplant will include medications to suppress your immune system in an effort to prevent organ rejection. You'll likely take these anti-rejection drugs for the rest of your life.
The possible side effects of the anti-rejection drugs include:
Here you can find out what to expect from your lung transplant procedure.
You will be under a general anesthesia. Your doctor will insert a tube through your mouth and into your windpipe to help you breathe as well as a tube in your nose down to your stomach to drain your stomach contents.
Your doctor will also put catheter. To remove your diseased lung your surgeon will make an incision in your chest.
The main airway to that lung and the blood vessels between that lung and your heart will then be connected to the donor's lung.
A single-lung transplant takes about four to eight hours to complete, while a double-lung transplant usually takes six to 12 hours.
Your doctor will attach tubes in your chest to drain fluids from around your lungs and heart, and a mechanical ventilator to help you breathe for a few days at the hospital.
To control pain and to prevent rejection of your new lung a tube in a vein will deliver strong medications.
Recovery often involves a one-to-three-week hospital stay. You will be monitored by your doctor for three months after the lung transplant to check for complications to see the function of your new lungs.
Your follow-up visits may involve laboratory tests, chest X-rays, an electrocardiogram (ECG) and checkups with a specialist.
To sustain your new lung you must live a healthy lifestyle. You are not allowed to smoke and you should avoid drinking. Follow a healthy and nutritious diet. Exercise regularly for the rehabilitation of your lungs.
6 Procedure Results
Understanding the results of your lung transplant will be made possible by your doctor.
The lung transplant can improve the quality of your life. The first year is the most critical period wherein surgical complications, rejection and infection pose the greatest threats.
Studies say that only about half the people who undergo the procedure are still alive after five years although some people have lived 10 years or more after a lung transplant.
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