With the alarming rise of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the United States, it is not impossible that you can also acquire the infection.
As per the usual guidelines we see on the television or social media, you were told to monitor signs and symptoms like colds, runny nose, dry cough, the difficulty of breathing, body weakness, fever, and headaches. The chances of getting the virus increase if you have a history of travel abroad especially in countries that have lots of COVID-19 cases. In addition to that, you also become at risk if you have close or direct contact with infected people.
Two major types of COVID-19 testing (Real-Time – Polymerase Chain Reaction or RT-PCR and Antibody testing) were made available to the public. Submitting to these diagnostic procedures will enable you to plan ahead and perhaps defend yourself from the virus.
The next major question is what will you do if your result came out positive?
There are two kinds of people with COVID-19, those who have the abovementioned indicators and those who are asymptomatic. The care for patients will also be based on the severity of the symptoms. Be aware that not everyone needs hospitalization.
If in case you are positive and the doctor prescribed that you stay at home, here are some important rules to follow.
- Self-isolate. I know this might sound frustrating especially to our fellow extroverts out there. But this is the best way for you to prevent the virus from spreading. As much as possible, stay at home. Only leave the house when it's necessary like going to the hospital. And when you do, do not use public transportation.
It is advisable that you should stay at least 6 feet away from other people, even at home.
- Recuperate. Just like when you have other illnesses, get some adequate sleep and rest. Eat nutritious foods. If you are having a fever, practice non-pharmacological interventions such as wearing the proper outfit (light and airy clothes) or even having a tepid-sponge bath. Drink lots of fluid too.
Your physician would have given you certain prescriptions and instructions on how to manage your signs and symptoms. Make sure you track it religiously. Follow the correct administration timing and dosage.
- Practice respiratory hygiene or cough etiquette. Wear cloth covering face even when you are at home. A scarf, bandana, or any improvised mask will do. Medical grade protections are for health care workers. This protects your family members and pets from acquiring the disease. Make sure that it covers your nose and mouth properly.
Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing. Wash hands or use hand sanitizers especially after blowing your nose. Do hand hygiene before touching your face especially the eyes, nose, and mouth. In addition to that, make sure that you wash hands before eating and after you leave the bathroom. Dispose of used tissues properly. As much as possible, have a separate bin for this.
Do not share personal items like eating paraphernalia, towels, and even beddings.
- Observe your symptoms. Are you having persistent chest pains? Are you having difficulty breathing? Are you having cyanosis or bluish discoloration in lips or face? If the answer to these questions is yes, please contact your physician or call 911 for emergencies. This should also be done if the deterioration in the consciousness of the patient was observed.
Do not forget to inform the operator that you are a positive COVID-19 patient so that you can also protect the health of your medical response team. The aforesaid rules can somehow be challenging but remember that this will benefit us all. These rules, according to the Centers for Disease Control can be stopped if the symptoms have improved, no recorded fever for 3 days, and it was past 7 days after your first symptoms appeared.
For a more valid confirmation, you should have tested negative for COViD-19 for 2 consecutive tests with 24-hour interval.