1 What is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD/ADD or attention deficit disorder in short) in children is a mental disorder characterized by hyperactivity and inattentiveness that affects the child’s ability to learn and mingle with others.
It appears in early childhood. These children find it difficult to sit still for some time, or fail to listen to others.
They are often labeled as undisciplined or lazy in school. Children with ADD are usually unable to control their impulsiveness.
They perform poorly in school and fail to have good relationships. The symptoms may reduce with time in some of them, while in others, they persist.
Learning strategies that assist with the symptoms of ADHD can help them to be successful.
Medications and behavioral treatment strategies are used to relieve the symptoms of this disorder.
Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children are not very specific and hence it is often undiagnosed.
Some common signs of this disorder are:
Inability to understand other people’s needs – children with ADHD often intrude or interrupt others while talking or working. They find it difficult to wait their turn in class or during a game.
Failure to keep emotions under control – temper tantrums are common in younger children, and more so in children with this disorder. They often find it difficult to keep it under control and have outbursts at inappropriate times.
Inability to sit still – squirming and fidgeting is one of the common symptoms of ADHD. They fail to sit still for periods of time.
Not finishing tasks – children with ADHD have varied interests but do not finish them, whether it be homework, chores, hobbies, or projects. They move on to the next thing that catches their interest before finishing the task at hand.
Inattentiveness – they find it hard to pay attention and may not be able to repeat what was just told to them.
Carelessness – as they are unable to focus on one thing or be still for some time, they end up making careless mistakes.
Day dreaming – they may be less involved in tasks when compared to others. Some children may stare into space and ignore their surroundings.
The actual cause of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children is not yet identified.
A number of factors are considered to be responsible for the development of this disorder. This includes:
Genetics – ADHD runs in families, and genes are thought to play an important role in its development.
Brain function – studies show that people with ADHD have different brain structure and developmental speed when compared to others.
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