Damage may also occur due to reduced flow of blood through the kidneys. Severe dehydration and low blood pressure leads to reduced blood flow into the organs.
It may also result from:
Other medical conditions
Blood clots formed in the kidneys also lead to loss of kidney function.
Conditions like hemolytic uremic syndrome, idiopathic thrombocytopenic thrombotic purpura (ITTP), reactions to transfusions, and scleroderma may lead to blood clots.
Certain infections like septicemia and acute pyelonephritis also lead to blood clots in the organs. They are most commonly found among elderly people, particularly those who have kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, and heart failure.
People who are in an intensive care unit also have an increased risk of getting this condition.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Diagnosis of acute kidney failure is based on the symptoms and signs noted after a thorough physical examination.
The body may show generalized swelling due to retention of fluid. A number of tests are also conducted to verify the diagnosis such as:
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