Some common tests used in the diagnosis of atelectasis are x-ray, CT scan, oximetry, and bronchoscopy.
Chest x-ray provides a detailed picture of obstruction in the lungs and the also changes in the structure of lungs.
CT scan is useful in measuring the lung volumes. It helps to detect atelectasis due to various causes including tumor, which may not show up in chest x-ray.
Oximetry is a technique that measures the oxygen saturation in blood.
Bronchoscopy helps in both diagnosis and treatment of obstruction in the airways. In this procedure a small tube is inserted into the throat to see and possibly remove the obstructions like mucus plug or a foreign body.
Treatment of atelectasis is based on the cause of the condition.
Atelectasis caused by underlying condition resolves by treating the disease.
Minor cases of atelectasis may resolve without any specific treatment.
Chest physiotherapy helps to expand the collapsed lungs and to breathe deeply. This includes simple steps like
beating or percussion on the chest to loosen the mucus buildup,
lying with head at a lower position than chest.
Shortness of breath is alleviated by supplementing oxygen. Surgery is recommended to remove airway obstructions.
Continuous positive pressure is another method to supplement oxygen in patients who are weak and have low oxygen levels.
Avoiding the risk factors helps to prevent atelectasis.
Small objects should be kept away from the reach of children to reduce the risk of obstructive atelectasis.
Surgery is another major cause of this condition.
Taking adequate precautions to prevent atelectasis is important prior to the surgical procedure.
7 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
Some alternative and homeopathic remedies for controlling symptoms of atelectasis are:
Breathing exercises help to clean the airways and to strengthen the muscles surrounding the air passage.
Neti with warm water and salt helps to clear the toxins and the airways, making breathing easier.
Antimonium tartaricum and hyoscyamus niger are indicated in the homeopathic treatment of this condition.
8 Lifestyle and Coping
Learn more about your condition and follow your doctor's instructions to cope with atelectasis.
Inhalation of eucalyptus oil and camphor relieves some of the symptoms of this condition.
Respiratory therapist may help in keeping the airways free of phlegm.
9 Risk and Complications
There are several risks and complications associated with Atelectasis.
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