It is more commonly found in people who are hospitalized for another medical condition.
The risk of developing ARDS increases with age.
Smoking, alcoholism, and chronic lung disease also increase the chances of getting this lung condition.
ADRS becomes serious in people who are alcoholics, have toxic shock, or are alcoholic.
4 Making a Diagnosis
There is no single test to diagnose ARDS. ARDS is an emergency and requires immediate medical attention.
Doctors conduct a battery of tests to rule out the chances of other conditions that have similar symptoms.
The common diagnostic tests are:
X-ray – helps to locate and assess the extent of fluid back up in the lungs
CT scan – is useful to create images of structures within the lungs and heart
Blood tests – blood tests reveal the presence of infection and anemia
Heart tests – tests like echocardiograms and electrocardiograms reveal the structure and functioning of the heart. This helps to rule out the chances of heart problems that will result in similar symptoms
Other suggested tests include blood and urine cultures, sputum cultures and analysis, arterial blood gas levels, and a bronchoscopy.
Improving levels of oxygen in the blood is the first step of treating ARDS.
For this, supplemental oxygen may be administered or mechanical ventilation is provided.
This helps to push more air into the lungs and eliminate some of the fluid that has accumulated in the lungs.
Medications are used to control infections.
Drugs are prescribed for relieving pain and to prevent the formation of blood clots.
Drugs also help in reducing gastric reflux.
ARDS can be prevented by paying close attention when you experience a chest injury or infection.
ARDS is most commonly found in people who are already hospitalized, diagnosis in high-risk patients will enable immediate treatment of the lung condition.
There is no specific preventive treatment strategy in patients with sepsis.
7 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
Alternate remedies have insufficient evidence in treating ADRS.
Borage, ginger and N-acetyl cysteine are common natural remedies used to reduce the symptoms of this lung condition.
8 Lifestyle and Coping
Avoiding smoking, alcohol, and following a healthy lifestyle are very important components in controlling and coping with ARDS.
Recovery from ARDS takes a long time and patients may need more support.
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are useful in coping with the recovery and for getting back into personal routine.
Joining a support group also helps to discuss the problems.
9 Risks and Complications
Many patients with ADRS may develop complications like:
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