Atrial flutter can be caused by lifestyle choices, and other external factors such as open heart surgery.
The natural pacemaker present in the right atrium, called sinus node, plays an important role in maintaining a normal heart rhythm.
The electrical signals sent from this node passes to the muscles of both right and left atrium and triggers a contraction. In atrial flutter, a part of the signal travels in the form of a loop around the right atrium, causing rapid contractions of the chamber.
This causes the atria to beat faster than the ventricles. Normal heartbeat is 60-100 beats per minute, while in atrial flutter it is around 250-300 beats per minute.
Many factors are involved in the development of atrial flutter including
Review of family history, medical history, and symptoms helps in the diagnosis of Atrial flutter.
Heartbeat rate more than 100 beats per minute even when the person is at rest is a main indicator of atrial flutter.
Confirmation is based on:
This procedure helps to record the electrical activity of the heart
Measures the flow of blood through heart and blood vessels.
In this method, a small catheter is inserted into the blood vessel and guided to the heart. Once in place, electrodes are placed in the heart to monitor the heart rhythm.
Treatment of Atrial flutter focuses on:
restoring the normal rhythm,
prevent future occurrence,
to prevent complications.
The rhythm of heart can be restored to normal through cardioversion. Cardioversion is done through electrical method or by using medications.
In electrical cardioversion, an electrical shock is delivered to the heart which stops the discharges for a short duration. When the heart regains function, it usually restores the default normal rhythm in most of the people. This procedure is usually done under sedation.
Anti-arrhythmic medications are used to restore the normal heart rhythm. These medications may be administered orally or intravenously, usually with continuous monitoring of heartbeat.
Blood thinners are recommended to reduce the chance of blood clots. Digoxin, beta-blockers, and calcium channel blockers reduce the symptoms of the atrial flutter.
Catheter ablation is a procedure in which the hotspots in the heart that produces rapid, abnormal electrical discharges, are removed using radiofrequency, heat, or cryotherapy. In catheter ablation, a catheter is inserted into the blood vessel and guided to the heart. Ablation of hotspots corrects the abnormal rhythm without use of medications or any devices.
Taking steps to reduce the risk of heart diseases help to prevent chances of atrial fibrillation.
This includes having a
being physically active,
maintaining a healthy body weight.
Those who have a higher risk of atrial fibrillation should try to keep cholesterol and triglycerides at healthy levels.
Limiting alcohol consumption, and controlling blood sugar levels are also important.
7 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
A few alternative and homeopathic remedies exist for controlling symptoms of Atrial flutter.
Practicing yoga is considered to be good for improving
FindATopDoc is a trusted resource for patients to find the top doctors in their area. Be visible and accessible with your up to date contact
information, certified patients reviews and online appointment booking functionality.