The masses of cells that form on the lining inside your stomach are called stomach polyps or gastric polyps. Mostly they do not have any signs and symptoms and are very rare. Some are not cancerous but often can lead to stomach cancer.
Treatment for stomach polyps depends on what type do you have.
Familial adenomatous polyposis – this can be inherited and are rare that can lead to fundic gland polyps that can become cancerous and adenomas,
Chronic stomach inflammation or gastritis – can cause adenomas and hyperplastic polyps that can carry high risk if it is about 2/5 inch (1 centimeter),
Regular use of certain stomach medications – especially people who takes proton pump inhibitor can cause fundic gland polyps.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Making a diagnosis of stomach polyps is done by performing several tests.
Consult your doctor and he may refer you to a gastroenterologist who specializes in digestive system. Before the visit, ask your doctor if you need any restrictions. Ask a family member or a close friend to accompany you. Bring a notebook and you can write down the symptoms that you are experiencing, the medications that you are taking.
Some of the questions that you can ask your doctor include:
What is causing my symptoms?
What tests do I need?
What treatments do you recommend?
Do I need follow up care?
Your doctor will also ask you some questions such as:
What are the symptoms that you are experiencing?
When did they begin? How severe are they?
Are they occasional or continuous?
Do you have a family history of colon cancer, polyps or familial adenomatous polyposis?
Do you take medications for stomach acid?
Your doctor may suggest some tests such as:
Endoscopy, to look inside of your stomach;
Tissue sample (biopsy) that can be removed while undergoing endoscopy and will be sent o the lab for examination.
You will be treated depending on what type of stomach polyps you have:
small polyps that are not adenomas – does not need treatment because there are no symptoms and cannot lead to cancer. Your doctor will just monitor it so that he can see the growing polyps,
large polyps – this must be removed and sometimes you can do that while undergoing endoscopy,
adenomas – are cancerous and can remove the polyps while undergoing endoscopy,
polyps associated with familial adenomatous polyposis – can be cancerous and needs to be removed.
Your doctor will give you antibiotics if you have gastritis caused by H. pylori bacteria in your stomach.
Some of the preventive measures that you can take for stomach polyps include:
avoid smoking cessation to reduce the risk of stomach polyps,
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