Misoprostol, a synthetic prostaglandin E1 analog, is used to reduce the risk of gastric ulcer development caused by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
This medication protects the stomach in two ways. It inhibits gastric acid secretion and it protects the gastric mucosa.
You need a prescription to purchase misoprostol.
It is sold as a tablet. Misoprostol also has other uses. It can be used as an abortifacient for women in their first and second trimester.
It can also be used for cervical ripening, induction of labor, and postpartum hemorrhage.
2 What to Know Before Using
You and your treating physician need to discuss the pros and cons associated with misoprostol use.
There are some factors to consider before initiating treatment. Misoprostol should not be given to patients who are allergic to prostaglandins. Inform your healthcare team if you have allergies to foods, animals, preservatives, and other drugs.
The efficacy and safety of misoprostol use in children have not been studied. Studies have shown that misoprostol use in elderly clients yields the same results as in younger adults.
This medication is a Pregnancy Category X. Misoprostol should not be used in women since it can cause abortion and other fetal abnormalities. There hasn’t been enough research done regarding the effects of this medication on lactating mothers or if it can be excreted in breast milk.
You need to weight the risks and benefits of using this medication carefully if you are currently nursing.
Your doctor may advise you to stop breastfeeding your baby.
Misoprostol should not be used concomitantly with phenylbutazone but can be necessary in some cases. In those instances, your doctor may adjust the dosage and timing of either or both medications.
This medication can also make the following medical conditions worse:
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