Botox injections are the leading group of known medications that use various forms of botulinum toxin to temporarily paralyze muscle activity.
This toxin is produced by the microbe responsible for botulism, a type of food poisoning. Botox injections are primarily noted for their ability to reduce the appearance of facial wrinkles.
They can also be used to treat certain conditions, such as neck spasms (cervical dystonia), excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), overactive bladder and lazy eye.
Botox injections can also be helpful in preventing chronic migraines in certain individuals. Botox was the first drug to use botulinum toxin.
Other products now include Dysport, Myobloc and Xeomin. Each is a little different, particularly when it comes to dosage units, this makes them unique and not interchangeable.
2 Reasons for Procedure
Here are the most common reasons to receive botox injections.
Particular chemical signals from the nerves mostly signal that cause muscles to contract.
The most common use of these injections is to temporarily relax the muscles of the face that underlie and cause wrinkles, such as:
Frown lines between the eyebrows.
Crow's-feet, the lines that fan out from the lateral corners of the eye.
Botulinum toxin injections are also used to treat conditions that affect how the body functions.
Listed examples include:
Cervical dystonia. In this painful condition, involuntary contractions of your neck muscles cause your head to twist and turn into an uncomfortable position.
Lazy eye. The most common cause of lazy eye is an imbalance in the muscles responsible for eye positioning.
Muscle contractures. Some neurological conditions, such as cerebral palsy, can cause your limbs to pull in towards your center. In some cases, These contracted muscles can be relaxed with botox injections.
Hyperhidrosis. This condition is characterized by excessive sweating even when temperatures are not hot and you are not exerting yourself.
A chronic migraine. If you experience migraines more than 15 days a month, Botox injections may help reduce the frequency of the headaches.
Bladder dysfunction. Botulinum toxin injections can also help reduce urinary incontinence caused by n overactive bladder.
Eye twitching. Botulinum toxin injections may help relieve contracture or twitching of muscles around the eye.
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