Allergist and Immunologist Questions Asthma

What are the best ways to deal with asthma in a child?

My son is 8 years old and has been suffering from asthma. It's worse particularly during the fall and the winter season and it makes it very difficult to handle frequent asthma attacks. Are there easier ways to improve his body resistance especially during these seasons?

1 Answer

Any child who has asthma needs a quick-relief medicine to treat the noisy part of the disease the coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath that occur with symptoms or an asthma attack. This medicine (typically an inhaler) should be with the child at all times for use at the first sign of symptoms.Avoiding triggers, using medications, and keeping an eye on daily asthma symptoms are the ways to control asthma in children of all ages. Children with asthma should always be kept away from all sources of smoke. Proper use of medication is the basis of good asthma control. Make sure your child's caregiver and school teacher has a copy of the Asthma Action Plan, so they will know how to treat the child's symptoms if she should have an asthma attack away from home.Infants and toddlers may use some of the same type of asthma drugs as older children and adults. Inhaled steroids may be key to managing infants with chronic asthma or wheezing. However, the medications are given differently to children under 4 years of age (such as with an asthma nebulizer and mask), and with lower daily doses. A low-dose of an inhaled steroid, cromolyn, or Singulair is the next step up.Depending on your young child's age, you may use inhaled asthma drugs or liquid medications delivered with an asthma nebulizer. A nebulizer delivers asthma medications by changing them from a liquid to a mist. As a mist, your child will breathe the medications through a face mask. These breathing treatments usually take about 10-15 minutes and may be given up to four times a day.
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