Dentist Questions Gum Disease

What is gums disease?

Can you explain to me what gums disease is? My grandfather was just diagnosed with it, and I always thought he had perfect oral health.

7 Answers


First off I love that you are seeking out answers on behalf of your grandfather! We have to take care of family :)

Gum disease can be broken down into two categories: Gingivitis and Periodontitis.

1. Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth. This is normally reversible with treatment and removal of all aggravating debris along with correction of at home care, this normally means more flossing.

2. Periodontitis is when gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) is left untreated for some time and starts to affect and infect the bone and gum tissue surrounding the teeth. This is treatable, however, if left untreated it will lead to tooth loss and has been linked to diabetes and heart disease.

If either of these are caught early the long term prognosis for a patient can be very manageable and maintainable. Most people do not know they have either of these diseases until it is sometimes too late.

And just so you understand the way we diagnosis these diseases is by visual inspection, x-rays and perio chart.

Good luck and thank you for caring for your grandfather.
Dr. Reid
Gum disease or gingivitis is inflammation and bleeding of the gum tissue. This is due to plaque and calculus build up that has cause the gums to become puffy and red. A dental deep cleaning helps to remove the plaque causing the gingivitis. See a dentist to schedule for a cleaning.
Gum disease is another name for Periodontal disease. If you search this, it will give you more information. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss so periodontal treatment is necessary to save the involved teeth.
Gum disease is a disease of the soft and hard tissue surrounding the teeth (gums and bone), caused by certain bacteria in those tissues It is actually caused by improper oral cleaning. When it is minor, in the early stages it is called gingivitis. When more advanced it is called periodontitis. A dentist can diagnose it and prescribe proper treatment.
Accumulation of plaque and bacteria around the gum and teeth, case infection of the gum, along with bone loss. Teeth can look perfect, but if it goes without treatment, teeth can be lost because of lack of support.
Fighting cells create a toxic mass that starts to dissolve away your ATTACHMENT located between your teeth the area that you DON'T FLOSS. After the attached is gone the bone that supports your teeth starts being dissolved. This is when things really get out hand. Plaque, bacteria, rotting food, tartar, toxins are now dissolving the bone between your teeth, but spreading around to your cheek side (buccal) and around to your lingual side. The longer this goes on the more damage to your tooth supporting structures. If the bone is worn away or bacteria reach your vascular system located at the bottom of your teeth roots. (There are larger vessels below your lower teeth.; and above your roots of your upper teeth.) Remember: you have between 28-32 teeth in your mouth. Now you have 56 in-between your teeth areas that are having gum problems. Your body is now being attacked from your gum infection bacteria entering your blood vessels at the bottom of your lower teeth and these blood vessels are located above your tooth roots on your upper teeth. You have to be feeling very sick. Now your teeth in your mouth are also being attacked. You might have a bad taste, feeling sick to your stomach? You talked about your grandfather just being diagnosed with gum disease. Our office treats gum disease using LANAP. This is LASER ASSISTED NEW ATTACHMENT PROCEDURE. We use the Millennium PerioLase MVP-7 Laser. All gum disease bacteria is gone with one treatment. There is NO CUTTING/NO SEWING. There is a diet that you have to follow for the first few weeks after treatment. The Laser and the Treatment are both FDA Approved. This Laser stimulates your body's stem cells and you regrow your own alveolar bone and supporting membranes from your gum infection at the roots of your teeth. Your body is being attacked from your gum infection of your teeth in your mouth and bacteria attack of the roots.
Gum disease is inflammation of your gum tissue that can lead to bone loss around teeth. Gingivitis and Periodontitis are the two forms of disease you will normally hear about where the former involves only your gum tissue, while the latter involves disease of the gum tissue and bone loss around the teeth. The treatment of choice for periodontitis is scaling and root planing. Also known as a deep cleaning, gum disease treatment is performed when bone loss and large deposits of tartar are noted inside of your mouth during an examination. An instrument is used to determine how much bone loss a person has endured over his or her lifetime.