Healthy Living

What is Cellulitis?: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments for Cellulitis

What is Cellulitis?: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments for Cellulitis

Key Takeaways

  • It causes problems like leg swelling.
  • It weakens the immune system of the body.
  • Also, it contributes to diabetes.

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection which usually occurs over the inner skin of the body. This is basically caused by contact with bacteria. Here, the skin affected from this problem becomes red. The redness is a bit painful, and if pressure is applied over the area, it becomes white and the problem increases.

The major parts of the body affected by the cellulites are the legs, face, and other parts of the body. Usually, the problem that occurs with the body is the leg swelling and obesity. Here, in the affected part of the body, the skin reddens, and it starts itching and causing pain. This problem with the skin lasts for 7-10 days. The problem becomes profound without maintaining proper cleanliness in the body.

Symptoms of Cellulitis

There are several symptoms to catch the problem in the body and take necessary actions. Most of the cases of cellulitis see the affected part of the body as red, hot, and painful. The part of the body starts to become warm, and after sometime, it starts causing pain in the body. In most of the cases, symptoms can be accredited by the mark of redness in the affected body part. Symptoms of cellulitis include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Warmth
  • Itching
  • Redness

One of the symptoms of the cellulitis problem is the pain in the affected body portion. The affected part of the body from the cellulitis infection starts becoming painful. The pain is usually accompanied by increased circulation of the blood, and then the pain gets into the affected portion of the body. The pain sometimes creates problem in the movement of the particular body part.

Another symptom of the cellulitis infection is the swelling in the affected area. The area affected by the problem generally gets inflated and causes swelling in the body.

The swelling is caused by the lymph nodes, which are the basic nodes of the lymphatic system, and as soon as the infection gets entered into the body, the lymph nodes become active and then they start inflating. This causes the swelling in the body. This swelling in the body is one of the symptoms of cellulitis in the body.

Again, another symptom that confirms the activeness of the cellulitis problem in the body is the warmth in the particular part of the body. The affected portion of the body usually becomes warm, and this implies the presence of cellulitis.

This problem is acquired by the increased circulation of the blood in the body by the lymphatic system. As soon as the infection enters the body, it becomes active and starts swelling and hence causes a kind of warmth in the affected portion of the body.

There is another symptom which is also an indicator cellulitis in the body. There is a problem of itching in the affected portion of the body. As soon as the body gets affected by the infection, the harmful bacteria start causing the infection, which starts moving over the body.

This movement of the bacteria in the body leads to the problem of itching. The itching problem continues to be present in the body until the infection won’t get cured completely.

In addition to all of the above symptoms, our bodies see another symptom where the affected portion of the body becomes red. This redness is acquired by the constant rashes across the affected body part. The redness is also caused by the instant blood circulation, which makes the body’s affected portion to become red.

Although the symptoms are likely to occur in various parts of the body, the legs are the most affected portion.  The legs usually become red, inflamed, tender, and swollen. Some of the people with cellulitis develop blisters, skin dimpling, and spots on the affected portion.

The affected parts start looking a bit different from the other parts of body, with a little bit of redness and pain in that portion. Here, lymph glands may also swell up as a result of the infection, hence causing swelling in the body.

Causes of Cellulitis

Cellulitis is basically caused by certain bacteria. There is a group of bacteria which causes no harm to the body, if they stay out of the body. However, as soon as they enter the skin, they promote the infections in the body causing cellulitis. Usually, the bacteria can’t easily enter our skin, and in this task, they need a pathway to enter our body. This can be any cut or problems, such as:

  1. Ulcers
  2. Bites
  3. Grazes
  4. Cuts

Ulcers are one of the gateways by which the problem of the cellulitis can be seen. This problem is caused by the bacterial infection in the body, which causes infections and may lead to various types of problems. In an ulcer problem, our stomachs get infected, and the inner lining gets affected badly by the acid in our stomach. Therefore, one of the reasons for cellulitis can be ulcers.

Sometimes, occasional bites by animals or any type of creature can be the reason for the cellulitis problem. As mentioned earlier, cellulitis is caused by the infection in the body. This infection gets in the body through the bites being made by the stray animals. These bites are responsible for the infections like rabies, and hence, they can cause the cellulitis infection in the body.

Grazing can also be the reason for the infection to rise in the body. The cellulitis infection is caused by the spread of the similar bacteria in the body. Rubbing the skin on the affected portion of the body and grazing the skin on some of affected portions of the body can lead to the increase in the bacteria and hence the problem of cellulitis in the body.

Also, cellulitis can be caused by the cuts on the body. These cuts can be responsible for the harmful bacteria to enter the body and cause several types of infection in and around the body. The cuts and wounds on the different parts of the body provide the gateway to the harmful infections and the bacteria, and hence they also cause cellulitis.

All these portions act as gateways for the bacteria to enter the skin and start developing inside the body. This creates a whole bunch of bacteria, and hence, they start causing the infection in the body. Due to them, the pain in the following portion becomes more intense.

In some of the people, these bacteria enter the body without any wounds or any other gateway. They get inside the body in a natural manner and create problems in the skin.

Problems related to infections

  • They cause the leg swelling in the body. The infection caused by the bacteria starts affecting the leg. It usually swells up and it starts reddening; in some cases, it becomes warm and painful. The person won’t find him able to move the leg in the affected portion. As the problem rises in the leg, it becomes very painful.
  • Cellulitis is an infection which can cause the weakening of the immune system of our body. The bacteria attacks the skin and makes it red and swells up, and, after counteracting with the lymph vessels, lymph nodes also swell up and start affecting the immune system of the body. The immune system generally becomes weak, and the stamina also lowers.
  • In the case of diabetes, they can be very much dangerous. If the diabetes is not treated properly, it can lead to skin ulcers, hence creating a gateway for the infections and creating infections in the body. Diabetic patients suffer a lot with this problem.
  • As the infections spread throughout the body, they cause the blood circulation problem. The blood circulatory system is very much linked with the lymphatic system in our body. With the arrival of the infection in the body, the chances of the lymphatic swelling also rise. This, in turn, affects the blood circulation in the body and creates a problem in the free flow of circulation.
  • The infection is also a factory for the various kinds of skin infections. Skin infections caused in the dermis are influenced by the movement of the bacteria in our body. The movement of the bacteria causes the skin to become infected, and it hosts various kinds of skin problems in the body. Skin problems become very much common in the body with the introduction of the cellulitis in the body.

Treatment for Cellulitis

The treatment of cellulitis can be performed in various ways. These may include the following:

  • Medication
  • Home remedies
  • Treatment in hospital

In the initial phases of the infection, people try to use medication facilities available. In most of the cases, it has been seen that the response of the infection to antibiotics is immense. In some cases, the antibiotics can work and remove the problem to an extent. However, as the symptoms become more severe, like that of vomiting and an increase in reddening, one should consult the doctor.

There are no home remedies that can help to cure the infection completely, if the cellulitis has progressed significantly. In the home, one should drink as much pure drinking water as possible. After drinking plenty of water, the effect of the infection can be minimized. One should try to keep the affected area elevated.

In the worst cases, when the condition becomes unbearable, one can be hospitalized. This will ensure proper treatment of the patient. In the cases of high fever and vomiting, the problem can only be solved by doctors. They ensure proper diagnosis to the affected portion of the body.

Diagnosis

The treatment and the diagnosis of the cellulitis is very much essential for the removal of the bacteria that causes cellulitis. In some of the cellulitis cases where the problem is not profound, one can look for the following symptoms:

  • Limited area of involvement
  • Minimal pain
  • No systemic signs of illness
  • No risk factors for the serious illness

If the patient has a minor infection and he/she is not experiencing much pain in the affected area, there will be a very limited area involving the infection.

The affected portion of the body will experience minimal pain in the affected part. Small rashes may be present.

There will not be any kind of systemic signs of illness in the body. The body will not experience fatigue and other kinds of illness. These signs of illness are very much common cellulitis infection when the problem acquires a different level.

There are no signs of serious illness as commonly seen in the cellulitis problem. The signs of the problem, like fever and high pain levels,  are normally found with the presence of cellulitis. For a person not influenced much by the cellulitis problem, these signs are not found, and one can assure that he/she is not suffering from the problem.