Most cases of fibroadenomas do not require surgery. However, treatment of fibroadenomas is available. Treatments include nonsurgical management and surgery. The following surgical procedures can be performed to remove fibroadenomas:
lumpectomy or excisional biopsy, a procedure where the surgeon removes breast tissue so that further lab tests can be carried out.
cryoablation, in which a doctor inserts a thin device (cryoprobe) into the area of the fibroadenoma. The doctor then uses gas to freeze the breast tissue.Sometimes fibroadenomas can grow after excision is performed.
6 Risks and Complications
Fibroadenomas do not increase the risk of breast cancer. However, if they contain cysts or calcifications (dense opaque tissue) they may increase the risk of having breast cancer. This type of fibroadenoma is known as a complex fibroadenoma.
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