A rare neurological condition that occurs if an infant’s head is smaller than the heads of other children with the same sex and age is called Microcephaly, mostly this can be detected at birth.
Microcephaly can be caused by genetic and environmental factors and as a result of the brain developing abnormally while growing up or when still in the womb.
There is no treatment but there are therapies for this and children who have this have developmental issues.
The initial symptom for microcephaly is if a head is smaller compared to other infants with the same sex and age.
The doctor will measure the head size of the infant using standardize charts in percentiles.
It is possible that an infant’s head is just small but doesn’t have microcephaly whose measurement is as low as the first percentile, but if it is below average most likely the infant has microcephaly.
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