PID or Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the reproductive organs of the female. Occurring usually sexually transmitted bacteria from the vagina spread to the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
For most women, the symptoms of PID are unnoticeable.
The disease can only be detected on the later stages when chronic pelvic pain or trouble getting pregnant become obvious.
Other symptoms like foul-smelling vaginal discharge, bleeding between cycles and painful urination can be linked to an STI or sexually transmitted infection. If these symptoms appear, refrain from having sex and see a doctor. Immediate diagnosis and treatment of STI can prevent complications, such as PID.
Bacterial infections due to sexually transmitted diseases are the most common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
In some cases, the bacterial infection takes place during the insertion of IUD (intrauterine device), miscarriage, abortion, or childbirth.
4 Making a Diagnosis
If you are experiencing any signs or symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), see a doctor or health care provider to receive a diagnosis.
Pelvic inflammatory disease can be diagnosed based on:
signs and symptoms,
a pelvic examination,
testing the vaginal discharge and cervical cultures.
A pelvic exam involves taking samples of vaginal and cervical cells and analyzing them under the microspore to determine what’s causing the infection.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may be treated with:
Antibiotics: A combination of antibiotics may be prescribed by your doctor as soon as symptoms become obvious. Once the test results are completed and the cause of infection is determined, medications will be adjusted accordingly. Treatment with antibiotics can help prevent complications from getting serious. However, antibiotics cannot reverse the current damage.
Treatment for your partner: Your sexual partner/s will be advised to get the proper diagnostic and treatment to prevent STI from recurring.
Temporary abstinence: Until treatment is completed and follow-up tests indicate all partners are clear from infection, sexual intercourse must be avoided.
For more complicated cases of PID, for instance, you are very ill, or are pregnant and do not respond to any oral medications, hospitalization may be required. Intravenous antibiotics, combined with oral antibiotics will be given. In rare instances when an abscess ruptures or looming to get ruptured, surgery may be required.
To minimize the risk of having pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), practice the following prevention tips:
Practice safe sex: Wearing condoms is a must, especially when you have multiple sexual partner. Ask about your partner’s sexual history and limit the number of sex partners.
Discuss other contraception options with your doctor. Certain contraception methods may increase the risk of PID. An IUD or intrauterine device, for instance, may heighten the risk upon insertion of the device. Condoms, on the other hand, protect not only from pregnancy, but also from sexually transmitted infections.
Get tested regularly: If you have a high risk of getting STI (e.g. multiple sexual partners), setting a regular screening schedule is advised. Regular testing will make early treatment possible.
Don’t douche: To prevent imbalance of bacteria in the vagina, do not douche. Maintain a good vaginal hygiene and always wipe from front to back to prevent unwanted bacteria from spreading.
7 Risks and Complications
There are several risks and complications associated with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
The risk factors of pelvic inflammatory disease are:
Sexually active female 25 years old and younger
Multiple sex partners
Has a sexual partner who used to have multiple sex partners
Unprotected (without condom) sex
Had recently inserted an IUD
Has a history of STI or PID
Damage to reproductive organ
Complications may include:
Infertility. PID may damage the reproductive organs, which may cause infertility
FindATopDoc is a trusted resource for patients to find the top doctors in their area. Be visible and accessible with your up to date contact
information, certified patients reviews and online appointment booking functionality.