Fevers occur when the hypothalamus, an area of the brain also know as the thermostat, shifts the set point of the normal temperature upward. When this happens a person may experience chills and may shiver in order to generate more heat.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Making a diagnosis of fever is done by:
the doctor asking about symptoms and medical history
performing a physical examination
performing tests like blood tests, chest x-ray
Fever does not require treatments in most cases. Medications are usually given when the fever is very high. Over the counter medications that can be given to treat fevers.
The drugs used include acetaminophen (Tylenol), I buprofen (Advil, Motrin B) and aspirin. However, aspirin should not be given to children since it can cause Reyes syndrome.
Antibiotics can also be given if the cause of the fever is an infection.
Fever can be prevented by reducing the exposure to infectious diseases.
This can be achieved by following these tips:
washing the hands frequently,
covering the mouth when coughing,
avoiding sharing cups, water bottles, and utensils.
7 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
The following home remedies can help a child with fever to feel comfortable:
drinking plenty of fluids since fever causes fluid loss and dehydration
getting enough rest and staying cool by wearing light clothing
febrile seizures in children between 6 months to 5 years. Febrile seizures can involve loss of consciousness and shake of limbs on both sides of the body. Most seizures do not require treatment because they can stop on their own.
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