Scarlet fever, also known as scarlatina,is an infection caused by bacterial intoxication and causes strep throat. Bright red rash that covers most of the body is the characteristic feature of this infection. Sore throat and fever are commonly seen during this infection. Scarlet fever is commonly seen in children from 5 – 15 years of age.
Once scarlet fever was considered as a deadly childhood fever now a days due to continuous medical research and modernization of medicine treatment has improved significantly,especially after the discovery of antibiotics.
If left untreated, scarlet fever in more serious conditions can affect the heart, kidneys and other parts of the body.
enlarged lymph nodes in the neck often tender to touch.
Bacterial intoxication is the main cause of scarlet fever. This bacterium releases a toxin which damages the human tissues and gives the typical appearance of scarlet fever rash and red glossy tongue.
The infection spreads from person to person by the means of droplets expelled from an infected person during coughing or sneezing. Incubation period(the time required for the bacteria to grow in number but not show any typical symptoms) is usually from two to four days.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Diagnosis of scarlet fever starts with physical examination that includes:
Checking the condition of throat, tonsils and tongue.
Palpating and checking for the enlarged lymph nodes.
Accessing the features of rash.
Throat swab: if strep throat is suspected in such case swab from the throat can be taken and sent for lab diagnosis.
Tests to diagnose the strep bacteria are important because a number of conditions can cause similar signs and symptoms but require different treatments.
If there are no traces of strep bacteria, then most probably some other bacteria are involved.
FindATopDoc is a trusted resource for patients to find the top doctors in their area. Be visible and accessible with your up to date contact
information, certified patients reviews and online appointment booking functionality.