complete assessment of the patient’s medical history,
The tests include:
Blood tests - A high level of specific antibodies to the West Nile virus can testify to the diagnosis.
Lumbar Puncture - this tests includes taking a sample of cerebrospinal fluid from the spinal cord and its analysis.
Brain tests - in rare cases, an electroencephalography may be required to measure the electrical activity of the brain and assess its function.
Many people with mild form of West Nile virus recover without treatment but in most severe cases certain procedures and medications are required.
Over-the counter pain relievers or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may help to ease the symptoms for mild cases.
Attention should be paid while giving aspirin. A new kind of procedure called the Interferon therapy in which the immune cells called interferons are used against the virus for the treatment of encephalitis and meningitis caused by West Nile virus.
Prevention is better than cure and thus following are the ways by which West Nile disease can be prevented:
unclog roof gutters,
empty unused swimming pools or other standing water,
change water in the birdbaths,
remove old tires or unused containers that might hold water and let the mosquitoes breed,
repair windows and doors,
avoid unnecessary outdoor activity especially in evening,
wearing clothes that cover the body completely
apply mosquito repellant when possible.
7 Risks and Complications
There are several risks and complications associated with West Nile virus.
Quite often, this infection occurs from June till September.
The following are the factors that increases the risk of having severe infection:
Age - being old increases the risk.
Certain diseases - having diseases like cancer, diabetes, hypertension and kidney disease may increase the risk two-fold.
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