Ketalar

1 What is Ketalar?

Brand: Ketalar

Generic: Ketamine

Ketalar is a drug given by doctors before surgery or certain procedures to induce anesthesia (lack of sensation or feeling). Ketamine is a rapid-acting general anesthetic agent. It causes unconsciousness and total lack of sensation, but only for a short time.

Ketamine can be used alone in short procedures, with other general anesthetics for longer operations, or with other low-potency anesthetics like nitrous oxide.

Ketamine may be used as an anesthetic for the following procedures:

  • Simple surgical procedures such as debridement (removal of dead tissue) in wounds, removing painful dressings, skin grafting in burn patients.
  • For invasive diagnostic procedures in the central nervous system such pneumonencephalograms, ventriculograms, myelograms, and lumbar punctures.
  • Diagnostic procedures and surgery in the eye, ear, nose, throat and mouth, including dental procedures.
  • Procedures in the lower airways (bronchial tree).
  • Surgery in the rectum and anus.
  • Circumcision.
  • Surgery or procedures in the female reproductive tract, like dilatation and curettage.
  • Surgery or procedures in the bones, like correcting fractures, amputations, and biopsies.
  • As anesthetic in patients with poor health and depressed vital functions
  • In procedures where anesthetics given by injecting into the muscles is preferred
  • Cardiac catheterization procedures

You need a prescription to purchase Ketamine.

Ketamine is a drug with known abuse potential. Also, some patients report experiencing intense deliriums as the effect of Ketaminewears off. Only use Ketamine according to doctor’s instructions.

2 What to know before using

Before using Ketalar, you must know all about the risks and complications associated with it.

If you previously experienced allergies to Ketamine, tell it to your doctor right away. You cannot use Ketamine if you are allergic to it.

You cannot use Ketamine if you have uncontrolled or dangerous hypertension, or have a condition where rising blood pressure can prove life threatening.

Do not take Ketamine if you are also taking Droxidopa.

You must tell all your health conditions and medical history to the doctor before receiving Ketamine.

Tell the doctor if you have the following health problems:

  • History of head injury
  • Bleeding in the brain
  • Stroke
  • Elevated spinal fluid pressure
  • Increased pressure inside the eye or glaucoma
  • Problems with the kidneys or urinary bladder
  • Heart disease
  • Hypertension
  • Psychiatric conditions like schizophrenia and mood problems
  • Diseases of the thyroid

Tell the doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding before receiving Ketamine. Ketamine is not a classified drug. However, its use during pregnancy is not recommended. Do not breastfeed when receiving Ketamine because it may be expressed in breast milk.

Ketamine interacts with alcohol and causes dizziness, drowsiness or difficulty concentrating. Tell the doctor if you are taking large quantities of alcohol or suffering from alcohol abuse.

Tell all your allergies to the doctor before receiving Ketamine.

Tell all medicines you take, including over-the-counter drugs, prescription medications, and supplements, to your doctor before receiving Ketamine to prevent drug interactions.

Tell the doctor if you are taking the following medicines:

  • Propoxyphene
  • Isocarboxazid
  • Levomethadyl acetate
  • Phenelzine
  • Selegiline
  • Sodium oxybate
  • Trancylpromine
  • Amiodarone
  • Droxidopa

3 Proper usage

To use Ketalar properly, you must follow all instructions given by your doctor.

Ketamine is given by injecting into the muscle (intramuscular route). A doctor (usually, an anesthesiologist) determines the dose of Ketamine. Because it is an anesthetic, you can only receive Ketamine in the hospital or doctor’s clinic.

The doctor may order you to undergo fasting for around 8 hours to empty the stomach before receiving Ketamine. An empty stomach greatly reduces the risk of vomiting that may cause aspiration.

The doctor or a health professional will administer Ketamine. You may also receive other medicines before or after Ketamine is injected. The doctor will do measures to keep your airway open, monitor your vital signs and maintain your breathing.

Because health professionals give Ketamine, and you will undergo close monitoring, missing a dose or overdosing is very unlikely.

4 Precautions to take

Before using Ketalar, there are some precautions you must take.

Inspect Ketamine vials first before use. Do not use it if the liquid in the vial is cracked or damaged, or the liquid contains particles, becomes cloudy or discolored.

Using with Ketamine can cause deliriums or hallucinations during recovery after the procedure. This may happen 24 hours after receiving Ketamine. You will be closely monitored by health professionals right after the procedures to help you. However, seek help if you experience any disturbances in thinking or abnormal thoughts.

Ketamine can cause intense drowsiness for up to 24 hours. Do not drive or do dangerous tasks soon after receiving Ketamine.

Ketamine must be used with extreme caution in elderly and children.

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding and received Ketamine, tell it to your doctor right away.

5 Potential side effects

As with many medications, there are several potential side effects associated with Ketalar.

Ketamine may cause serious side effects that require immediate medical attention:

  • Severe allergic reaction symptoms such as
    • rash,
    • hives,
    • skin itching,
    • difficulty breathing,
    • chest tightness,
    • swelling of the mouth, face, lips or tongue
  • Difficult, frequent or painful urination
  • Confusion
  • Hallucinations
  • Double vision
  • Fast, irregular heart rate
  • Involuntary muscle movements
  • Anxiety
  • ow or depressed mood
  • Persistent severe dizziness, lightheadedness or a headache
  • Pain, redness or swelling at the injection site
  • Slowed or shallow breathing
  • Uncontrolled eye movements

Ketamine may cause minor side effects such as:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
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