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This disease can occur due to various reasons. Traditionally, we check for elevated (fluid) pressure within the eye. The thinking is that this fluid pressure can build up and injure the optic nerve and prevent it from working correctly. If the nerve does not work correctly, it can't transmit retinal information appropriately, and the brain therefore cannot interpret the vision, AKA loss of vision. However, this is only one way of developing glaucoma. Often times, glaucoma is inheritable, but can be individual and associated with other outside factors such as trauma to the eye.
A few potential measures one can take to lessen the risk of glaucoma: 1) stop smoking or don't start smoking, 2) maintain good cardiovascular health - which includes measures to reduce the risk of diabetes, and 3) be cautious to prevent eye injuries.
It has to diagnosed and monitored by glaucoma work up which includes visual field tests , GDx or Optic nerve head OCT , pachymetry , gonioscopy etc. infra ocular pressures need to be checked . It is treated by eye drops as well as laser and other types of surgeries depending on the severity of glaucoma and type too .
Glaucoma is an eye disease that destroys the nerve fibers that make up the
optic nerve. The destruction of the nerve fiber layer causes loss of
peripheral vision. The loss of peripheral vision occurs at such a slow rate
that patients are not aware they are losing vision until the end stages of
the disease. For this reason, everyone should have an annual eye health
exam to screen for eye diseases such as glaucoma, whether or not they need
vision correction. If you need a great eye doctor, reach out to us today,
www.starsinyoureyes.com. Dr. Richards and Dr. Colorado want to help you
save your vision.
Glaucoma is treatable, but must be caught early in order to prevent
devastating vision loss. There is no way to prevent glaucoma. Genetics can
play a part, but even if you do not have a family history, you can still
develop glaucoma. Below are some other risk factors that can increase your
chance of developing glaucoma.
- Having high internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure)
- Being over age 60
- Being black or Hispanic
- Having a family history of the condition
- Having certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease,
high blood pressure and sickle cell anemia, sleep apnea
- Having certain eye conditions, such as nearsightedness
- Having had an eye injury or certain types of eye surgery
- Early estrogen deficiency, such as can occur after removal of both
ovaries (bilateral oophorectomy) before age 43
- Taking corticosteroid medications, especially eyedrops, for a long time
- This is from Mayo website.
Thus it is important to see an Eye MD physician to evaluate if you are at risk.
Some risk factors include family history, color of your skin, thickness of the cornea, the pressure inside the eye, and the actual function and structure of the optic nerve itself. It is the damage to the nerve which leads to blindness. So glaucoma is multifactorial. Glaucoma is NOT just pressure.
Glaucoma is a eye disease which is normally associated with high intraocular pressure, although there is a rarer form in which the pressure in the eye can be in the normal range. The disease effects the ocular nerve of the eye which in turn damages the nerve fibers. The early signs are silent- in which the patient does not notice any difference in their vision, but their peripheral vision begins to be reduced.
It is often hereditary, and when treated early, can be treated with eye drops or more advanced cases require surgery.
Stacey Michaels OD
There are other less common glaucoma conditions, sometimes associated with other eye diseases. Most cases occur after a person turns 40 years old, but rarer forms can be seen earlier.