In general, talk therapy is used to help you increase your understanding and insights into your own mental health struggles and help you figure out what internal changes to make that might help you feel better, or what other life changes need to occur to help you do things better. How a therapist helps you accomplish this process depends on what type of training we have had and what we call our therapeutic orientation. Cognitive Behavioral Therapists, for example, will help you find your negative thoughts, negative or unhelpful beliefs, and other core issues and teach you how to challenge unhelpful thought patterns and change them so you can experience improved feelings and make healthier behavioral choices. Interpersonal Therapists might help you examine past relationships and trauma experiences and increase your insight into how that might influence the problems within your current relationships, or the life choices you make now in your life, and they will work to help you interrupt and change any relationship patterns that are unhelpful for you, to help you feel less stuck. These are only two types of the many talk therapy orientations and styles, and most of us use more than one type. What most of the orientations have in common is training on human behavior and what makes us similar and different from to each other as people and developing a professional understanding on how mental health problems arise to negatively influence our lives. We then use our trained ways of asking certain questions, responding to you in certain ways, and providing a different view point to help you make these changes. Some mental health problems and conditions may respond better to specific orientations and methods, but research tells us that, for the most part, you liking your therapist and feeling like they are a good fit for you is going to determine most of the success you feel like you have when utilizing talk therapy.