Rejuvenating the skin to look youthful and healthy is now possible with a range of techniques. Treatment for healthy skin varies depending on the individual.
Tips to maintain healthy skin:
- Avoiding excessive exposure to the sun is one of the best ways to maintain healthy skin.
- Keep out of sun from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Avoid sunbathing and tanning salons.
- If it is unavoidable going out in the sun during the strongest periods of the day, always wear protective clothing, like long sleeved shirt, sunglasses and hat.
- Apply sunscreen when you have to go out in the Sun and remember to reapply, if required. Opt for products that have sun protection factor (SPF) 15 or higher. Look for products that are broad spectrum in action providing protection against both UVA and UVB.
- Look out for signs of skin cancer. If there are any suspicious looking changes in the skin, inform the doctor. Older, fair skinned people should have regular yearly check up of the skin.
- Relieve the symptoms of dry skin. This can be achieved by using a humidifier at home, using a moisturizing body wash instead of soap, and using moisturizing lotion.
If the symptoms of aging appear early in the life, non-invasive methods like tretinoin, vitamin C, and alpha hydroxyl acids may be recommended to improve the symptoms. If the damage due to sun is moderate to severe, chemical peels, dermabrasion and laser abrasion may be used. These methods may be used alone or in combination with a number of surgical procedures.
Aging is characterized by deeper facial lines, which may be treated with botulinum toxin or soft tissue enhancement, including collagen, autologous fat, and Goretex implants. Facelift, browlift, or blepharoplasty may be recommended if the skin is sagging or has excess skin. All treatments are customized according to the patient’s facial characteristics and cosmetic concerns.
Chemical peels – They are effective in smoothening and removing the fine lines in the face. They remove the upper layers of the skin and expose the new, clear skin. Once the old skin layer is removed, new skin develops underneath. Depending on the type of the skin and degree of damage, different types of chemical peel may be needed including superficial, medium, or deep.
Dermabrasion – Often used to treat moderate to severe forms of sun damage or photo damage. In this method doctor removes the upper layer of skin and is similar to deep chemical peeling with respect to side effects and complications. This technique is generally not done around the eyes. Care must also be taken while doing dermabrasion around the mouth.
Laser resurfacing – In this technique high-energy lasers are used to improve the damages caused by the sun, scars and other skin conditions. The depth control and ability to treat a large surface area within a short period of time is better with this type of technique. Doctors discuss the side effects and complications before the surgery.