Antisocial personality disorder is a personality disorder in which the person is deceitful, manipulative, and have disregard towards other people’s rights and feelings. They generally treat others harshly and with indifference, and are not remorseful of their behavior.
Symptoms may range from mild to severe. Mild symptoms include occasional bad behavior, while people with serious forms of antisocial behavior are violent and consistently violate law. They are aggressive and are addicted to alcohol or drugs.
It is considered to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Diagnosis is based on mental-health review. Behavior therapy is the most effective treatment strategy for controlling this personality disorder.
The common symptoms of Antisocial personality disorder include:
Antisocial personality disorder is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The interaction of these different factors shapes the personality of a person. The actual trigger for the development of this personality disorder is not clear.
Certain genetic constitution predisposes a person towards developing personality disorder. The genetic factors are activated by several environmental triggers. Changes in the development of brain affecting the functioning of brain is also implied in the development of antisocial behavior.
Chances of developing this disorder increases with risk factors like:
History of conduct disorder in childhood
Family history of antisocial personality disorder or other personality disorders
Mental or physical abuse during childhood
Unstable family life during childhood
This disorder is more prevalent among men when compared to women.
4 Making a Diagnosis
Most of the information for the diagnosis of Antisocial personality disorder is provided by family and friends. The patient may refuse to take help for the problem or does not believe he/she needs help. A personality disorder is categorized as antisocial, if any three of the following signs and symptoms are present.
Repeatedly breaking laws or engaging in behavior that is unlawful
Persistently cheating in a relationship, by telling lies or using false names
Being irritable or angry most of the time. Get into fights with others often and is aggressive
Behaving without any consideration for other people’s or own safety
Inability to take responsibility, failing to maintain financial obligations, or have good work culture
Lack of guilt for being wrong
Symptoms of the behavior disorder appears before 15 years. In some patients the destructive and aggressive behavior may resolve with time.
Treatment and regular follow-ups are important in controlling Antisocial personality disorder. This personality disorder is often treated with psychotherapy. The therapist guides the patient to manage violence and aggression.
They may also help in improving substance abuse, and other mental issues that the patient has. But, psychotherapy may not be useful if the symptoms are severe. Medications are usually prescribed for controlling associated mental conditions like depression, anxiety, or aggression.
There is no standard way for preventing antisocial personality disorder, particularly in those who are at risk. Warning signs can be noted in childhood and treatment provided early.
Discipline, behavior modification, problem-solving skills, parent training, family therapy, and psychotherapy may help to reduce the risk of developing personality disorders in children.
7 Alternative and Homeopathic Remedies
Cocc, Cubeba, Nux vom, Nat mur, Anac, Curare, and Hura brasiliensis are some examples of alternative and homeopathic remedies used for Antisocial personality disorder.
8 Lifestyle and Coping
If any of the family members have Antisocial personality disorder, it is important that all member of the family get help to cope with the situation. Methods to protect oneself from violence and aggression of the patient can be learnt. Mental health professional help in learning coping strategies.
9 Risks and Complications
Complications of Antisocial personality disorder are:
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