Mycamine

1 What is Mycamine?

Brand: Mycamine

Generic: Micafungin

Mycamine injection is used in treating serious fungal infections like acute disseminated candidiasis, candidemia, as well as esophageal candidiasis, candida peritonitis, and abscess.

The drug can also be used in preventing candida infections in high-risk patients, such as those receiving stem cell transplants. Mycamine is a prescription drug.

2 What to Know Before Using

If you are about to start Mycamine, speak with your doctor about what you need to know. The risks and benefits the medicine offer must be weighed.

Before using Mycamine, you and your doctor must consider the following:

Allergies. If you have any unusual reaction to any medicine, including micafungin, be sure to tell your doctor about it. Additionally, disclose other types of allergies - foods, preservatives, animals, or dyes, if there are any. Read the package ingredients carefully and make sure you are not allergic to any of its ingredients.

Pediatric. Safety and efficacy of micafungin use in children are not yet established.

Geriatric. While there are no appropriate studies that state age-related problems as an effect of micafungin injections to the elderly, no reports of incidents are documented to date. Nevertheless, older people tend to have other diseases that concern the heart, kidney, or liver, which will require caution.

Pregnancy. While there are no adequate studies done in pregnant women, animal studies show an adverse effect.

Breastfeeding. No adequate studies were done determine the effect of micafungin to infant during breastfeeding. When breastfeeding, weighing the benefits against the medication’s potential risks is important.

Drug Interactions. Certain medicines have adverse effects when used together. Make sure to inform your doctor about other drugs you are taking, so that necessary alterations and precautions will be made.

Before administering micafungin, talk to your doctor about possible interactions if you are taking other medications. Moreover, inform your doctor if you are drinking alcohol or smoking, for doing such may increase the risk of side effects or may affect the outcome. 

Other medical problems. Bleeding problems, kidney problems, liver disease, and other medical problems must be disclosed to your doctor. These medical problems may affect the sum of the medicine or may result in certain side effects.

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3 Proper Usage

Proper usage of Mycamine requires strict adherence to your doctor’s orders. The medicine is required to be given by a trained health professional or a nurse.

Intravenous route means the medicine is administered through one of your veins, using a needle. Mycamine is administered slowly, requiring the needle to stay in place for at least an hour.

4 Precautions to Take

In using Mycamine, you must be careful and take some precautions as advised by your doctor. To check for unwanted effects, blood tests may be needed. Anaphylaxis, a serious type of allergic reaction, may occur.

Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. Inform your nurse or doctor immediately if you experience the symptoms like a rash, swelling of the face, tongue, and throat, itching, chest pain, or breathing difficulties after getting the injection.

Moreover, contact your doctor immediately if you feel pain or tenderness in the upper stomach, or you have dark urine, pale stools, nausea, and vomiting, or yellowing of the skin or eyes. These symptoms may be signs of a serious liver problem.

When under micafungin treatment, do not take other medicines and supplements unless ordered by your doctor.

5 Potential Side Effects

As with many medications, there are several potential side effects associated with Mycamine. Not all the side effects may occur, but if they do, immediate medical attention may be needed.

Contact your doctor as soon as possible if you encounter any of the following:

More common side effects include:

  • Black, tarry stools
  • Decreased frequency or amount of urine, cough
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Chills or fever
  • Increased thirst
  • Pain on the lower back or side
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Pale skin
  • Pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Shortness of breath
  • ulcers in the mouth
  • Swelling of the face, fingers, or lower legs
  • Unusual bleeding or bruising
  • Weight gain

Less common side effects include:

  • Bone pain
  • Swelling or tenderness of the foot or leg
  • Changes in skin color
  • Drowsiness
  • Convulsions
  • Mood swings
  • Mental changes
  • Muscle cramps or spasms
  • Twitching or numbness of the lips, hands or feet
  • Seizures
  • Trembling
  • Swollen glands

Rare side effects include:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Nervousness
  • Weakness or heaviness of the legs
  • Pounding in the ears
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