Mold is a type of fungus that can cause severe allergic responses when the spores are inhaled. The fungi feeds on dead and decayed organic matter. They grow rapidly and produce small spores that spread through the wind. Molds are often found in cool and damp places, like basements, rotting leaves, or garbage bins. This exposure may not cause any allergic reactions for everyone, but for those who are allergic to mold, they can have severe allergic responses.
The most common symptoms of mold allergy include:
These symptoms are similar to other respiratory illnesses, it is common for people to neglect this allergy. The symptoms may vary in severity and frequency in different people. For some, the symptoms may be seen throughout an entire year, while others may have seasonal flare-ups. With those who have asthma, the symptoms may be triggered by the presence of mold spores. Molds are also used in the preparation of several types of food and these generally do not cause any symptoms. There are different types of mold, some of which cause allergic responses. Identifying the exact cause of the response is important to prevent further reactions.
Many foods like cheese, mushrooms, sour cream, sour buttermilk, canned juices, soy sauce, smoked fish, and meat may harbor mold. Therefore, it is better to avoid these foods to prevent allergic reactions.
A number of factors may increase the chances of a mold allergy:
- Family history of allergy
- Living in high humidity conditions
- Increased exposure to mold
- Living in high moisture conditions
- Poorly ventilated rooms and houses
Avoiding exposure to mold is the best way to prevent allergic responses. Different types of medications are used to control the symptoms.
The common drugs and methods used in the treatment of mold allergy include:
- Corticosteroids – This prevents inflammation of the air passage.
- Antihistamines – This is commonly used to prevent symptoms like itching, sneezing and runny nose.
- Oral decongestants and nasal spr