Tests that can be used for the diagnosis of dementia:
Cognitive and psychological tests in which doctors measure the thinking skills such as
reasoning and judgement,
Neurological evaluation in which doctors evaluate
and other areas.
Brain scans like MRI, CT and PET scans can be used check for evidence for stroke, bleeding or tumors.
Lab tests to check for physical problems that can affect brain function, such as vitamin B-12 deficiency and hypothyroidism.
Psychiatric evaluation to check for any other underlying mental problems.
There is no treatment for dementia and medications are usually used for managing its symptoms.
Medications that can be used include:
Cholinesterase inhibitors including donepezil (Aricept), rivastagmine (Exelon) and galantamine (Razadyne). These drugs increase the levels of a nuerotransmitter that is involved in memeory and judgement. Side effects of these drugs may include
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